Ancient Egyptians believed the spirits of deceased pharaohs were taken away by cheetahs. var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); [133][134] The last confirmed sighting in India was of a cheetah that drowned in a well near Hyderabad in 1957. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, [11][59][61] Cheetahs are sexually dimorphic, with males larger and heavier than females, but not to the extent seen in other large cats. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); [167] The Egyptians would use their dogs to bring the concealed prey out in the open, after which a cheetah would be set upon it to kill it. 'cap': true ga('send', 'pageview'); Add cheetah to one of your lists below, or create a new one. [167] Mafdet, one of the ancient Egyptian deities worshiped during the First Dynasty (3100–2900 BC), was sometimes depicted as a cheetah. [68] Saharan cheetahs have canine-like slim faces. Territoriality is preferred only if females tend to be more sedentary, which is more feasible in areas with plenty of prey. A large slender spotted cat found in Africa and parts of Asia. [9][59][114] The diet of the Asiatic cheetah consists of livestock as well as chinkara, desert hare, goitered gazelle, urial and wild goats; in India cheetahs used to prey mostly on blackbuck. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, [100], One stride of a galloping cheetah measures 4 to 7 m (13 to 23 ft); the stride length and the number of jumps increases with speed. Acinonyx jubatus, family Felidae. Translation for 'cheetah' in the free English-French dictionary and many other French translations. cheetah meaning: 1. a wild animal of the cat family, with yellowish-brown fur and black spots, that can run faster…. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, storage: { Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. Meanwhile cheetahs nearby, who did not take part in the hunt, might feed on the kill immediately. [155] The Iranian Cheetah Strategic Planning meet in 2010 formulated a five-year conservation plan for Asiatic cheetahs. [163][164], The cheetah shows little aggression toward humans, and can be tamed easily, as it has been since antiquity. In the Kruger National Park (South Africa) territories were much smaller. }, [192][193] The first release of Apple Inc.'s Mac OS X, the Mac OS X 10.0, was code-named "Cheetah"; the subsequent versions released before 2013 were all named after cats. [67], The cheetah is a carnivore that hunts small to medium-sized prey weighing 20 to 60 kg (44 to 132 lb), but mostly less than 40 kg (88 lb). { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, [3] The roughly triangular skull has light, narrow bones and the sagittal crest is poorly developed, possibly to reduce weight and enhance speed. (tʃiːtə ) Word forms: plural cheetahs. [105] If a cub is the only male in a litter he will typically join an existing group, or form a small group of solitary males with two or three other lone males who may or may not be territorial. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, } In 2016, the global cheetah population was estimated at around 7,100 individuals in the wild; it is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. the cheetah [sprints, runs, travels] at up to. The rest of the body is covered with around 2,000 evenly spaced, oval or round solid black spots, each measuring roughly 3–5 cm (1.2–2.0 in). A study gave the bite force quotient (BFQ) of the cheetah as 119, close to that for the lion (112), suggesting that adaptations for a lighter skull may not have reduced the power of the cheetah's bite. googletag.cmd.push(function() { The sister group of the Puma lineage is a clade of smaller Old World cats that includes the genera Felis, Otocolobus and Prionailurus. der Gepard. [52], The king cheetah is a variety of cheetah with a rare mutation for cream-coloured fur marked with large, blotchy spots and three dark, wide stripes extending from the neck to the tail. [62][65] A 1987 study showed that solitary and grouped males have a nearly equal chance of coming across females, but the males in coalitions are notably healthier and have better chances of survival than their solitary counterparts. Note the nearly triangular skull, the deep chest and long limbs. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, A cheetah is a spotted [feline, cat]. Individuals typically avoid one another but are generally amicable; males may fight over territories or access to females in oestrus, and on rare occasions such fights can result in severe injury and death. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. The highest recorded value was 93.24 km/h (57.9 mph). 'max': 3, }], { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, The cheetah occurs in a variety of habitats such as savannahs in the Serengeti, arid mountain ranges in the Sahara and hilly desert terrain in Iran. [69] The pronounced tear streaks (or malar stripes), unique to the cheetah, originate from the corners of the eyes and run down the nose to the mouth. [59][67] Cheetahs can decelerate dramatically towards the end of the hunt, slowing down from 93 km/h (58 mph) to 23 km/h (14 mph) in just three strides, and can easily follow any twists and turns the prey makes as it tries to flee. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, "authorizationFallbackResponse": { Some tribes, like the Maasai people in Tanzania, have been reported to use cheetah skins in ceremonies. [106], Unlike many other felids, among cheetahs, females tend to occupy larger areas compared to males. [59], Cheetahs have a flexible and complex social structure and tend to be more gregarious than several other cats (except the lion). [20] In 2011, a phylogeographic study found minimal genetic variation between A. j. jubatus and A. j. raineyi; only four subspecies were identified. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { After trade of wild cheetahs was delimited by the enforcement of CITES in 1975, more efforts were put into breeding in captivity; in 2014 the number of captive cheetahs worldwide was estimated at around 1730 individuals, with 87% born in captivity. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, Ribs are chewed on at the ends, and the limbs are not generally torn apart while eating. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, The serval resembles the cheetah in physical build, but is significantly smaller, has a shorter tail and its spots fuse to form stripes on the back. Growls, hisses and moans are accompanied by multiple, strong hits on the ground with the front paw, during which the cheetah may retreat by a few metres. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, [6], The Global Cheetah Action Plan Workshop in 2002 laid emphasis on the need for a rangewide survey of wild cheetahs to demarcate areas for conservation efforts and on creating awareness through training programs. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. It portrays a creature with a woman's head and a cheetah's body (often misidentified as a leopard's). At this point the mother nurses less and brings solid food to the cubs; they retreat away from the carcass in fear initially, but gradually start eating it. [150][151] In 2014, the CITES Standing Committee recognised the cheetah as a "species of priority" in their strategies in northeastern Africa to counter wildlife trafficking. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); storage: { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, }] 'min': 8.50, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Because only two dozen or fewer chassis were built, with only a dozen complete cars, the Cheetah was never homologated for competition beyond prototype status; its production ended in 1966. 1. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [87][88][89][90][91] Estimates of the maximum speed attained range from 80 to 128 km/h (50 to 80 mph). [59][66], The cheetah is superficially similar to the leopard, but the leopard has rosettes instead of spots and lacks tear streaks. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, [1], Cheetahs appear to be less selective in habitat choice than other felids and inhabit a variety of ecosystems; areas with greater availability of prey, good visibility and minimal chances of encountering larger predators are preferred. No courtship behaviour is observed; the male immediately secures hold of the female's nape, and copulation takes place. Gradually the understanding of cheetah ecology increased and their falling numbers became a matter of concern. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); This subspecies occurs in Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; [59], The head is small and more rounded compared to the big cats. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Deaths also occur from starvation if their mothers abandon them, fires, or pneumonia because of exposure to bad weather. The peak acceleration observed was 2.5 m (8.2 ft) per square second, while the peak deceleration value was 7.5 m (25 ft) per square second. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, [47][48] A prominent instance was the deadly feline coronavirus outbreak in a cheetah breeding facility of Oregon in 1983 which had a mortality rate of 60%—higher than that recorded for previous epizootics of feline infectious peritonitis in any felid. [183] In 1764 English painter George Stubbs commemorated the gifting of a cheetah to George III by the English Governor of Madras, Sir George Pigot in his painting Cheetah with Two Indian Attendants and a Stag. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, [3][67][105][121] A 2007 study showed that females who gave birth to more litters early in their life often died younger, indicating a trade-off between longevity and yearly reproductive success. This subspecies is confined to central Iran, and is the only surviving cheetah population in Asia. if(pl_p) [65] The exceptionally long and muscular tail, with a bushy white tuft at the end, measures 60–80 cm (24–31 in). View the pronunciation for cheetah. A coalition generally has a greater chance of encountering and acquiring females for mating, however, its large membership demands greater resources than do solitary males. The role of these streaks is not well understood—they may protect the eyes from the sun's glare (a helpful feature as the cheetah hunts mainly during the day), or they could be used to define facial expressions. googletag.cmd.push(function() { The chase typically lasts a minute; in a 2013 study, the length of chases averaged 173 m (568 ft), and the longest run measured 559 m (1,834 ft). The mouth can not be opened as widely as in other cats given the shorter length of muscles between the jaw and the skull. Cubs born in the wild weigh 150–300 g (5.3–10.6 oz) at birth, while those born in captivity tend to be larger and weigh around 500 g (18 oz). The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is a large cat native to Africa and central Iran. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["science_geographic_locales"]); [62] Besides the clearly visible spots, there are other faint, irregular black marks on the coat. During the New Kingdom (16th to 11th centuries BC), cheetahs were common pets for royalty, who adorned them with ornate collars and leashes. A cheetah is a wild animal that looks like a large cat with black spots on its body. This significantly sharpens the vision and enables the cheetah to swiftly locate prey against the horizon. The cheetah can give up the chase if it is detected by the prey early or if it can not make a kill quickly. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, ", "Dating the genetic bottleneck of the African cheetah", "Conservation genetics of the cheetah: lessons learned and new opportunities", "Prevalence and implications of feline coronavirus infections of captive and free-ranging cheetahs (, "DNA variation of the mammalian major histocompatibility complex reflects genomic diversity and population history", Conservation Genetics of the Cheetah: Lessons Learned and New Opportunities, "Morphology, physical condition, and growth of the cheetah (, "Biomechanics of predator–prey arms race in lion, zebra, cheetah and impala", American Association for the Advancement of Science, "Oxygen transport characteristics of blood from the fastest terrestrial mammal, the African cheetah (, 10.1096/fasebj.2019.33.1_supplement.726.2, "Motions of the running horse and cheetah revisited: fundamental mechanics of the transverse and rotary gallop", "Adaptive design in felid retinal cone topographies", "The larynx of roaring and non-roaring cats", "Cheetah breaks speed record–beats Usain Bolt by seconds", "Running and human evolution (7,000,000-50,000 BC)", "Which creature makes Sir David Attenborough's jaw drop? : a long-legged, swift-moving cat (Acinonyx jubatus) about the size of a small leopard with a yellowish to tan coat covered with numerous round to oval black spots and blunt claws that only partially retract and having a current range restricted to Africa and isolated parts of Iran. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Word Origin. [53] Natives knew the animal as nsuifisi, believing it to be a cross between a leopard and a hyena. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, [67][105][131] The lifespan of wild cheetahs is 14 to 15 years for females, and their reproductive cycle typically ends by 12 years of age; males generally live as long as ten years. [62][63][64] Studies differ significantly on morphological variations among the subspecies. dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); [123] Often one male will eventually win dominance over the others and mate with the female, though a female can mate with different males. countable noun. }, tcData.listenerId); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Some lost out because human activity altered, What happens when they get the intelligence of a mule or a, The custom-designed legs with which she broke records are modeled on the hind legs of a. I love cheetahs and have always been fascinated by their capacity to run so effortlessly. To defend itself or its prey, a cheetah will hold its body low to the ground and snarl with its mouth wide open, the eyes staring threateningly ahead and the ears folded backward. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, [65] The ears are small, short and rounded; they are tawny at the base and on the edges and marked with black patches on the back. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Cheetah is an accepted word in Word with Friends having 14 points. Generally, the female can not escape on her own; the males themselves leave after they lose interest in her. [2], Until the 1970s, cheetahs and other carnivores were frequently killed to protect livestock in Africa. The cubs might purr as the mother licks them clean after the meal. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, [33] Cheetah-like cats are known from as late as 10,000 years ago from the Old World. [59] Cheetahs can consume large quantities of food; a cheetah at the Etosha National Park (Namibia) was found to consume as much as 10 kilograms (22 lb) within two hours. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, In central, northern and western Africa cheetahs inhabit arid mountain ranges and valleys; in the harsh climate of the Sahara, cheetahs prefer high mountains, which receive more rainfall than the surrounding desert. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { The tear streaks on the face can sharply define expressions at close range. 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To pull it off, the cheetah is the fastest land animal she usually can defend!