They are an excellent substitute for cranberries and are likewise used in preserves, jams/jellies, sauces, etc., which make delicious condiments for meat and game. Highbush cranberry plants are showy in spring when the flowers bloom against a backdrop … The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit, or ‘drupes’ as they are known taxonomically, strongly resemble cranberries in both appearance and taste. Fruit: Nearly round drupe (drupe: a fleshy fruit with a central stonelike core containing one or more seeds) about 1/3 inch diameter with a single large seed, bright red, juicy and quite acid, like a cranberry. Flowers: It produces flat-top clusters of showy white flowers in June. Wildlife benefits from the plant's fruits that remain on the shrub into winter. americanum (trilobum), as some consider it a subspecies of the Eurasian variety. … Both the larvae and adults of the beetle feed on the leaves, severely skeletonizing them. White flowers are followed by red "cranberry-like" fruit. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. It is also known as Viburnum trilobum, and commonly as American cranberry bush. Common Name: highbush cranberry, American cranberry bushScientific Name: Herman, D.E., et al. Species: . VIBURNUM TRILOBUM, Highbush Cranberry 1 gallon This easy-to-grow shrub does well in average soils with plenty of moisture and full sun or part shade. (Viburnum trilobum) General Description A large, leggy, poorly branched native shrub found in wooded, usually moist areas, competing with the rest of the underbrush. Viburnum opulus var. Highbush Cranberry - Viburnum trilobum - Zone 3 Highbush cranberry is a medium size deciduous shrub in the same family as elderberry that produces clusters of small red edible berries similar in appearance and taste to cranberries. Additionally, program information is also available in languages other than English. Photos by Charles Armstrong, except: Viburnum opulus var. 1996. If you are wondering whether or not there is a way to tell the difference between the two types (without the need to taste the fruit), then check out the 3rd bullet in the FAQs section below. The American cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. The jam reportedly has a very pleasant flavor. This publication made possible through a grant from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Young non-woody shoots are green to reddish green and glabrous. To develope a solid screen place plants two to three ft. apart. In North America, the highbush cranberry stretches from British Columbia east to Newfoundland, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia, with an isolated population in New Mexico. Edible Qualities: The fruits/drupes can be eaten raw (though not very tasty that way) or cooked, and like cranberries, they are rich in vitamin C and so have a tart, acid taste (the taste is best after a frost and when picked slightly under-ripe). of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Highbush cranberry is not a true cranberry, it is actually a member of the honeysuckle family. This self-fertile selection is a dense bush in the Viburnum family that produces edible berries in autumn. Leaves: Opposite, simple, 3-lobed and 2 to 4 inches long. The fruits are extremely tart but sweeten after a frost. It is noted for attracting wildlife, especially birds which benefit from the fruit, which can remain on the branches well into mid winter. With all of the leaves already consumed, these larvae were feeding on the bark and inner branch layers! Family: AdoxaceaeGenus: ViburnumSpecies: opulusHardiness Zone: 2 to 7Height: 8 to 12 ft Width: 8 to 12 ftDescription: Highbush cranberry is not a true cranberry, it is actually a member of the honeysuckle family. Community Engagement and Preparedness (CEP) Program, http://www.ascr.usda.gov/ complaint_filing_cust.html. americana) Highbush cranberry is a great choice for hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the garden. This publication made possible through a grant from the USDA Forest Service. They also mature in the fall, as cranberries do. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is a shrub with multiple narrow trunks and ascending to slightly spreading branches. The flowers are hermaphrodite (having both male and female organs) and are therefore self-fertile, meaning that an individual plant’s flowers can pollinate one another, so there is no need for a second type (or even a second individual plant) to provide pollen and produce fruit. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.). This Highbush Cranberry is also known as the American Cranberry Bush. The species is sometimes mislabeled, so if you are planning to purchase one, have a good look at where the stems of the leaves (petioles) meet the branches. americanum synonym V. trilobum), also called Highbush Cranberry, Cranberrybush Viburnum, and several other common names, is not the source of the cranberries often served for Thanksgiving dinner.Those cranberries come from an unrelated species, Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), a member of the heath family, and a plant that is more … In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, and reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity. The bark of trunks and branches is gray, while twigs are brown and glabrous with white lenticels. americanum. Check out this delicious-sounding recipe courtesy of EdibleWildFood.com. The many branches are covered with small glossy tri-lobed leaves. The petiole is grooved and has round, raised glands near the base. The glands of the Canadian native have stalks while the others don’t. americanum (trilobum). opulus), an introduction from Europe that's been widely planted as an ornamental and escapes cultivation. Sometimes it’s called viburnum opulus var. Opulus is the European relation, commonly called “guelder rose” in those parts. Urban Forestry Outreach, Research & Extension. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. Spiced Highbush Cranberry Sauce Many of my friends have varying relationships with the highbush cranberry. American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. Severe damage inflicted yearly, however, will kill the tree. Wentworth Highbush Cranberry is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. I prefer to call this plant "bad highbush cranberry" because that name is instructive to the forager. Height. Highbush cranberry has a moderate growth rate of up to 1 metre per year (3'). Other: berries tart, but edible, extract of bark used medicinally. Handsome hedge or filler plant. Deciduous shrub grown for its dense mounding habit and small size. *Please Note: There is also a European form (species or possibly subspecies) of highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus) that is described as having inedible/bitter fruit. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is smaller than Nannyberry, but a remarkable wildlife shrub all the same. It may also be worth noting that the European form (opulus) is widely naturalized in central Maine, and a trusted source has written to say that he finds that one–at least in central Maine–more often than he finds the native (americanum) form! The seeds ripen from August to September. They often remain on the shrub throughout the winter. Here is a list of some very good questions we have received over the years, with answers provided from UMaine Extension Specialist in Ornamental Horticulture and retired Professor of Sustainable Agriculture, Dr. Lois Berg Stack. Viburnum edule (Michx.) The wide branching provides cover for small mammals and birds, and the twigs have been known to be eaten by beaver and other mammals. Excellent orange-red fall color and red fruits. Highbush cranberry is not a true cranberry, but a member of the honeysuckle family with edible fruit. trilobum; Viburnum trilobum; Description. The two plants are quite different, however. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means of communication for program information (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, American Sign Language, etc.) Do you have additional questions? Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. Considered a large and hardy deciduous shrub with a moderate growth rate of up to 3 ft. per year, the plant is typically 8 to 15 feet tall by 8 to 10 feet wide, with arching stems and a very dense, rounded form, making it a popular landscaping choice for use as a screening hedge [For a solid screen, plants should be spaced 2 to 3 ft. The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game.. Grows in hardiness Zones 2 through 7. A dwarf form, 'Compactum', is available. But the fruits can resemble them in taste and looks (University of Maine Extension 2019). Highbush cranberries are confusing, first, as they aren’t really a cranberry at all, as true cranberries are in the blueberry family or Vaccinium which makes small low-growing bushy plants, while highbush cranberry … The berries soften and sweeten over winter, and are eaten by Cedar Waxwing and other birds … The arching stems create a dense, rounded form. This shrub is … It has compound leaves with 2-4 inch long leaflets that turn yellow-red to red-purple in autumn. Non-native plant species are offered as alternative choices because of their benefit to wildlife and for their utility uses such as erosion control and site reclamation. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. 14 June 2019. The water-soluble preparation (containing a bitter compound called viburnine) has been used for relief of menstrual and stomach cramps and asthma. ‘Wentworth’, ‘Andrews’, and ‘Hahs’ are three varieties that are examples of the better-tasting, American form (americanum) versus the European form (see note below). European Highbush Cranberry Viburnum opulus. The distinctive orange-red berries of highbush cranberry lend this species its common name. Plentiful spring blossoms benefit pollinators, and the fruits of Highbush Cranberry will persist into the winter, adding bright red highlights to a stark landscape. americanum photos by Joe Frisk — used with permission (and gratitude). To request a copy of the complaint form, call (866) 632-9992. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Pairs of opposite leaves occur along the shoots and twigs. The flowers are pollinated by both wind and insects. Highbush Cranberry is also known as Squashberry, Mooseberry, Moosewood Viburnum, Lowbush Cranberry, Few-flowered Highbush Cranberry… It does best in well-drained, moist rich, loamy soils. Highbush Cranberry (not a true cranberry), 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum OR Viburnum opulus var. They can also be used in jellies, jams, pies, sauces, liqueurs, and wine. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Opposite. They are superficially similar to many maple leaves, but have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation. North Dakota tree handbook.USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. It readily sprouts after a fire. Rightmost image shows four Viburnum leaf beetle larvae feeding on one of the branches. Dark green leaves turn purplish-red in autumn, alongside drooping clusters of bright red berries. For many years, American cranberry bush has also been commonly called highbush cranberry. The high bush cranberry is sometimes called Viburnum opulus var. See also Cornell University’s “Highbush Cranberries” fact sheet and/or the NRCS/USDA’s Highbush Cranberry Plant Guide, or contact Charles Armstrong, UMaine Extension’s Cranberry Professional, at the address or phone number below. It is tolerant of frost, likes sun or semi-shade, and is successful in most soil types but does best in well-drained, moist soil that is rich and loamy. Hardiness Zone: . Established plants can tolerate drought, but they are helped by supplemental watering during such periods. American Highbush Cranberry, also known as Viburnum trilobum, is a common shrub of moist soils in about 3/4s of Minnesota. apart.]. The clusters are 2 to 3 inches across, with an outer ring of larger, sterile flowers. The flowers are small white clusters and can be self-pollinated. The fruit ripens in fall—just in time for the fall and winter holidays. Not a true cranberry, highbush cranberry is just as tart. They are located mostly in north temperate regions and in tropical mountains. American Viburnum; Cranberry Viburnum; Highbush Carnberry; Previously known as: Viburnum opulus ssp. Others tend to refer to it simply as Viburnum trilobum. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The two varieties can easily be confused. Raf. The trees can survive this injury, however, and can go on to leaf out normally again the following year. Description:. And, how does a glass of juice made with highbush cranberries sound to you? The two plants are quite different, however. should contact the responsible State or local Agency that administers the program or USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TTY) or contact USDA through the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8339. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. Highbush Cranberry is self fertile. americanum) has tart, acidic fruit that is best served in jellies, jams, sauces and relishes. The Honeysuckle family is comprised of about 400 species, with 11 tree species—and numerous shrub species—that are native to North America. The fruit of this species is so bitter that I think it is stretching the truth to call it edible. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Highbush cranberry tolerates most soil types, frost, and drought. Caprifoliaceae-the Honeysuckle Family. Ethnobotanic: The bark of highbush cranberry yields a powerful antispasmodic (whence the origin of one its American common names, crampbark). Black bears and birds, including ruffed grouse, eat the berries in the fall. There are several fact sheets about the Viburnum leaf beetle on the web, including these two by Cornell Cooperative Extension and UMass Extension: Above Photos: Highbush cranberry shrubs in central Maine defoliated by Viburnum leaf beetle larvae. They also mature in the fall, as cranberries do. It begins to flower in white clusters during spring at about 5 years of age and will also begin to produce berries at that time. Genus: . Submit your completed form or letter to USDA by: (1) mail: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20250- 9410; (2) fax: (202) 690-7442; or (3) email: program. https://extension.umaine.edu/cranberries/highbush-cranberry/. According to the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the highbush cranberry is listed as ‘endangered’ in Indiana, ‘threatened’ in Ohio, and ‘rare’ in Pennsylvania. Mature height: 12 to 15'. The arching... References:. This shrub resembles the cranberry in appearance and taste. americanum. Some love the pungent odor that reminds them of fall’s approach while others find it positively rank. It’s related to blueberries. High Bush Cranberry. Highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. Our county is full of maple leafed looking plants. You will often see “highbush cranberry” listed for sale under its old name, Viburnum trilobum, so many people have had the unfortunate experience of discovering that what they purchased was the European form when they were hoping for the American form. The Viburnum leaf beetle was introduced from Europe, and in fact the first North American populations of the beetle were discovered on European highbush cranberry plantings in the Ottawa/Hull region of Canada. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) They are excellent ornamental plants with year round appeal. The fruit are tart, but rich in vitamin C. They taste a lot like cranberries, but they have one large seed instead of many small ones. They were a traditional food of native American peoples, and they’re still made into jams, syrups, and pies. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect Pests || Pruning, Some Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark. It does not begin to produce fruit until approximately five years of age. (Vi-BUR-num ED-yew-lee) ( Newer classification Adoxaceae-the Moschatel Family) Names: The name Viburnum comes from the Latin word for Viburnum lantana, the Wayfaring Tree. It is a deciduous shrub with a dense, rounded, spreading habit that typically grows to … The flavor and appearance of the fruit from highbush cranberry plants is a lot like true cranberries. Viburnum trilobum Highbush Cranberry blooms in spring with white clusters of tiny florets, surrounded by larger florets. Insect Pests: Reported to have very few insect problems overalll, but one insect in particular—the Viburnum Leaf Beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni P.)—is capable of completely defoliating highbush cranberry stands (complete defoliation has been seen before in Maine–see photos below). If you wish to eat the fruit, make sure you plant the true North American species, Viburnum opulus var. [email protected]. HIGHBUSH CRANBERRY - VIBURNUM OPULUS Common Name: . It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. To file a complaint alleging discrimination, complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form, AD-3027, found online at http://www.ascr.usda.gov/ complaint_filing_cust.html , or at any USDA office or write a letter addressed to USDA and provided in the letter all of the information requested in the form. Both are native to North America, but the highbush cranberry is a Viburnum, a member of the Caprifoliaceae, or Honeysuckle family, in contrast to the ‘true,’ or lowbush cranberry, which is a Vaccinium, a member of the Ericaceae—Heather or Heath—family. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit, or ‘drupes’ as they are known taxonomically, strongly resemble cranberries in both appearance and taste. Viburnum trilobum – A highbush cranberry species native to the northeastern United States. 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