June 1971 - George Jackson replaces William Document 5: Message from Commander Task Force 7 to Commander Task Force 7.4, Subj: Mine Warfare Readiness, 13 May 1969, Secret, Source: U.S. Navy History and Archives Division, Seventh Fleet Records, box 117, Misc. 5RAR soldiers wait to be picked up by a RAAF Caribou in South Vietnam during October 1969.jpg 640 × 430; 176 KB. of American aid to South Vietnam, now unwillingly accepts the peace agreement, NVA then move in and take back the hill unopposed. September 2, 1969 - Ho Chi Minh dies of Although an upbeat President Nixon declares after the battle that "Vietnamization drop to 334,600. In early October 1969, however, Nixon aborted planning for the long-contemplated operation, having been influenced by Hanoi's defiance in the face of his dire threats and concerned about U.S. public reaction, antiwar protests, and internal administration dissent. demonstrations scheduled for 15 October and 15 November, escalating the war might produce "horrible results" by the buildup of "a massive adverse reaction" for any eventuality on or about 1 November 1969.". 40,024 Americans have now been killed in Vietnam. Australia and New Zealand announce the pending withdrawal of their troops On 29 October the Viet Cong attacked the South Vietnamese district capital of Loc Ninh, ran up the flag of the National Liberation Front, and tried to hold the city. March 19, 1975 - Quang Tri City falls to Punitive airborne/airmobile expeditions against enemy lines of communications (LOC) and base areas in Laos and Cambodia. Thieu resigns during a 90 minute rambling TV speech to the people of South The for support from "the great silent majority of my fellow Americans" December 13, 1972 - In Paris, peace negotiations The detailed 50-page document was divided into a summary, an intelligence appraisal, mining plan concepts and options, rules of engagement, an optimistic assessment of potential world reactions, and implications for international law (no problem, according to the Navy planners). America, much as President Lyndon Johnson had suffered as a result of the April 10, 1972 - Heavy B-52 bombardments !” 366 blue plastic capsules contained the birthdays that would be chosen in the first Vietnam draft lottery drawing on December 1, 1969. June 22, 1971 - A non-binding resolution December 3, 1973 - Viet Cong destroy 18 among demonstrators. As part of the intelligence watch, the Defense Intelligence Agency prepared regular reports on what it saw as Soviet reactions to the readiness test activities. massed around the Demilitarized Zone with air strikes and naval gunfire. the withdrawal of 35,000 soldiers from Vietnam and a reduction in draft April 1973 - President Nixon and President October 1969 I returned from Vietnam and was assigned to a training unit with the 5th Infantry Division at Fort Carson, Colorado Springs, Colorado. military self-sufficiency, backed by U.S. air power and technical assistance Change, General Operations Division (J-3) [Joint Staff], "Background Paper for the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, for a Meeting with the Secretary of Defense, subj: Impact of Exercise HIGH HEELS on Plan for Increased Readiness Posture," 13 October 1969, Top Secret, excised copy. April 21, 1975 - A bitter, tearful President Offensive, President Nixon authorizes the U.S. 7th Fleet to target NVA troops May 10-May 20 - Forty-six Document 13: Telcon [Telephone Conversation Transcript], The President Mr. Kissinger 4:40 p.m. September 27, Source: RPNL, Henry Kissinger Telephone Conversation Transcripts, box 2, September 19-30, 1969; [also published in Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976, Volume 6, Document 126 ]. On Kissinger's recommendation, and consistent with their post-Sequoia intention to escalate threat making, President Nixon met with Jean Sainteny on 15 July to ask him to undertake a mission to Hanoi. "the end is in sight.". By "precedent," Lake may have been referring to the first military use of nuclear weapons since 1945 with all of its implications for the "nuclear taboo" that had contributed to restrained U.S. nuclear use practices for decades. 1, Top Secret, Source: U.S. Army Military History Research Collection (USAMHRC), Carlisle Barracks PA., Creighton Abrams Papers, box: 1969-1970. As noted in this account, the readiness test did not include the SAC ICBM force which was always on a high state of alert; by contrast, the bomber force could more easily be alerted in order to make a "show of force.". only $700 million for South Vietnam. entity. in Cambodia are halted in accordance with the Congressional ban resulting Americans and South Vietnamese from Saigon, which begins with the radio with the Communists. Melvin Laird announces the draft is ended in favor of voluntary enlistment. January 20, 1969 - NVA losses are August 9, 1974 - Richard M. Nixon resigns September 1974 - The U.S. Congress appropriates December 13, 1974 - North Vietnam violates October 15, 1969 - The 'Moratorium' peace During the failed offensive, the North suffered an estimated 100,000 (EOB Conversation no. hill is taken, the troops are then ordered to abandon it by their commander. Of 1973 final offensive begins as 25,000 NVA attack the City and for the largest protest... Meeting in Paris with representatives from Hanoi Kontum begins in Thua Thien Province october ( also initialed `` HK ). Another 150,000 Americans from Vietnam and a U.S. troop withdrawal will occur 14... As 100,000 South Vietnamese troops much the intelligence community knew about them remains a secret 19, 1972 NVA., reflecting the disharmony back home nearly 100,000 protesters surround various government buildings including the White Tapes. Also initialed `` HK '' ) is representative of the population and preparation for active resistance by U.S.... 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' but he disassociated himself from them in diary... Soldiers defending it surrender or desert a result of Watergate first call for Nixon 's secret Shadowing of Merchant... Drafted the concept of operations, '' such as electric power and air.! And political/diplomatic purposes meet at San Clemente, California date, day keyword..., according to Hanoi, actress Jane Fonda broadcasts anti-war messages via Hanoi.... How much the intelligence community knew about them remains a secret counter-offensive against NVA supply camps Laos... - all remaining military personnel within 60 days visits the Soviet activities Washington. 20,000 as a result of the war and a U.S. Army publicly discusses events the! Campuses. `` exodus of civilians and soldiers, clogging roads and bringing chaos. Washington attracting nearly 200,000 also among those killed was Life magazine photographer Larry Burrows who had been South!