The common name of Timothy preserves that of its earliest cultivator, Timothy Hanson, a Maryland planter of the early days of the eighteenth century. Hurd named the grass "hurd grass" but a farmer named Timothy Hanson began to promote cultivation of it as a hay about 1720, and the grass has been known by its present name since then. Soil temperatures at planting should be at least 65º F. Seed must be planted in the spring after the risk of frost has passed. [3][4][5] Upon his recommendation it became a major source of hay and cattle fodder to British farmers in the mid-18th century.[6]. The Observer's book of grasses, sedge and rushes by Francis Rose, page 112, 1976, Readers Digest Nature Lover's Library Wild Flowers of Britain, page 430, published 1988, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timothy_(grass)&oldid=995222353, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 21:54. To come back year after year, it drops hundreds and hundreds of seeds into the soil. Getting Started: When to Plant. Timothy is a cool season perennial that grows in clumps and can grow to heights ranging from 2 to 4 feet and has narrow leaves that range from a few inches long and can grow anywhere up to a foot in length. Are you registered for the 2019 Grass Tour? The spike-like seed head is cylindrical and elongated (2 to 4 inches long). Climax Timothy Grass Seeds, 1 Pound 4.3 out of 5 stars 87. Climax Timothy. Teff is a warm season annual grass that requires a frost free growing season. Timothy makes an excellent companion grass for Alfalfa, Trefoil and Clover since it does not compete against Legumes. For the author who used Timothy Hay as a pen name, see. Each leaf may be 11 to 17 inches long. All we need is your email address! Advantages Seed head of dandelion on green grass background. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. Timothy Grass Seed is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. However be aware that it can be slow in the first year of production. Plants persist through the winter. It is also known as timothy'-grass, meadow cat's-tail or common cat's tail. "Timothy hay" redirects here. The stamen are pink. the Essex skipper (Thymelicus lineola) and the marbled white (Melanargia galathea). Identification: Bluish-green ribbed leaves with a cylindrical seed head and a corm, or bulb, just above the roots. Timothy was unintentionally introduced to North America by early settlers, and was first described in 1711 by John Hurd from plants growing in New Hampshire. Sterile seed-heads may be 15 to 20 inches up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting. A seed mixture for Meadow Fescue & Timothy based permanent pasture as a popular alternative to all ryegrass grazing on wet clay soil FREE DELIVERY for order totals over £40.00 HOME It is considered a harsh, coarse grass little relished by livestock if cut earlier. Culm The jointed stem of grasses. The advantages are clearly visible with side-by-side comparisons. Click the Banner Below to Learn More about the 2019 Grass Tour! Timothy is intolerant of salinity and alkalinity. Timothy[1] (Phleum pratense) is an abundant perennial grass native to most of Europe except for the Mediterranean region. Glume A tiny leaf-like structure enveloping the seed. Foxtail is a common annual grassy weed that rears its ugly head in summer and comes in 3 common types: yellow, green, and giant. The plant has a shallow, fibrous root system and the lower internodes develop to form a bulb which stores carbohydrates. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. Saddlebred is highly resistant to leaf rust, leaf spot and purple eyespot. Before these weeds sprout their foxy seed heads, they can be difficult to spot, as the leaves look similar to rest of the grass in your lawn. Head with grass on top over white background. Seed at 8-10 lbs. Timothy Grass Seed - Timothy grass is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. In 1999, with the owner retiring, General Seed was sold to employees. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Conquest is similar in plant height and length to Clair and Summit and is taller in plant height than Climax. For quantities over 500 lbs. Min. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. To help establish new stands, Undersander says the grass should be cut at 70 to 80 days after planting with one or two subsequent cuttings during the initial growing season. yielding timothy seed crop. The leaves are hairless, rolled rather than folded, and the lower sheaths turn dark brown. The grass is adapted to soils with a pH ranging from 4.5 to 7.8. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. This grass can be seeded alone or when seeding in fall, combine with winter wheat: in spring combine with red clover or alfalfa. Seed in late summer/early fall or late winter/early spring. Videos for related products. Colt Timothy Colt offers several improvements over the Climax variety of Timothy. Colt also offers longer seed heads and leafier stems. Named for Timothy […] Timothy Grass Seed (Climax) - 1 Pound - Wizard Seed LLC 4.6 out of 5 stars 16. Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a cool-season perennial grass that was once widely cultivated as a hay crop. All leaves are soft, light green and 2 to 6 inches long. Would you like to receive our monthly newsletter, get a digital copy of our price list, and be entered into our seasonal giveaways? Timothy should be grazed before the jointing stage and hayed before seed heads have emerged from boot to early bloom stage. Climax is persistent and highly productive for hay and pasture mixes when it is not over grazed. The seed head looks very similar to that of timothy. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. The single seed is small and is enclosed in an awned, urn-shaped husk. Timothy can be confused with meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis) or purple-stem cat's-tail (Phleum phleoides). Timothy is a rapidly-developing, short-lived, perennial bunchgrass with shallow, fibrous roots extending downward to about 4 feet. Grass Species … Dandelion on green grass background, seed head of Taraxacum. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. average annual rainfall: Areas with rainfall >900 mm and reliable falls in summer. Head shaped sack with grass on top over white background It is often confused with meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis). We grow and sell timothy grass seed products containing Allied Seed timothy seed varieties. It is commonly grown for cattle feed and, in particular, as hay for horses. Some caterpillars use it as a food plant, e.g. Distinguishing features. Click to play video . Strengths. Seed head of Timothy grass in black and white. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. Timothy hay is a staple food for domestic pet rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, and degus, often making up the bulk of their diet. It's not a ground cover grass, as it has a shallow root system and only grows to about 6 inches high. Timothy Grass , Phleum pratense is a winter hardy, perennial bunch grass. Timothy, on the other hand, is a perennial grass, which stays alive but dormant during the winter. Like other cool-season grasses, timothy only produces seed after exposure to cold temperatures, so spring-planted timothy will not produce seed heads the first year. Seed heads approach 15 inches (38 cm.) It is probably named after Timothy Hanson, an American farmer and agriculturalist said to have introduced it from New England to the southern states in the early 18th century. The plant also produces up to 6 inch seed heads storing the hard fine seeds of the plant. Timothy hay, note the timothy grass seed heads (the bushy “squirrel tails”) Timothy hay is a common favorite among horses and owners. Since then, the company has become specialized in Forage, Turf, Cover Crops, Silage Corn and Native Seeds. Glossary Auricle A short extension of the leaf blade that wraps partway around the stem. It usually has a higher amount of protein than other grass hays but has a better balance of nutrients such as calcium and fiber. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. The rough leaf edges, the type of ligule, and the collar divided by the midribs distinguish meadow foxtail from timothy. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Figure 18a. It grows in clumps and can reach over a metre high. For more technical information, please refer to our Grass Book or contact us. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. In the seeding year, timothy forms a shoot, which may or may not produce tillers, depending on environmental conditions. Purple-stem cat's-tail (Phleum phleoides) prefers lighter soils and grows on chalk downland. Its crown consists of a group of bulb-like sections called corms. Named for Timothy […] Make successive harvests for hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface. It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses.. Timothy seed is small in comparison to most other common grass species. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. It is relatively high in fibre, especially when cut late. Works well with. Named for Timothy Hanson, who introduced the grass to the southern US in the 18th century. It has no stolons or rhizomes, and no auricles. In pasture it tends to be overwhelmed by more competitive grasses. It is best adapted to cool, moist soils. We will never send you spam or sell your information to anybody. It grows well in heavy soil, and is noted for its resistance to cold and drought, and thus ability to grow in dry upland or poor sandy soils. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. Planting Grass Seed in Fall or Spring: The ideal time to plant grass seed varies by hardiness zone, but is usually in the spring, once temperatures have reached a consistent 60 F and there is no more danger of frost. Timothy should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Timothy has now become naturalized throughout most of the US and Canada. Timothy can be combined with long term perennial ryegrass mixtures to extend the life of the mixture and provide late season growth. The major threat to growing Teff is frost. From an agricultural perspective Timothy is a very persistent and hardy grass, free of disease. Timothy grass … This video teaches you grass and weed identification by one of easiest methods which is looking at the seed head. Growing points stay below the ground line after a Bec… The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Timothy (Also Available In Organic) Timothy is used mainly for hay production, but also in some pasture mixes. therefore, sprouts are primary guides. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. Timothy is very persistent, usually outlasting other less permanent species like ryegrass in mixtures. Unlike the seed heads of timothy and meadow foxtail, the seed heads of creeping foxtail turn black at maturity. The best timothy grass seeds utilize timothy seeds with top genetics. Dead, straw-colored flowering stems may persist, but only for a short time, and are recognized by the distinctive spike-like inflorescence. Timothy grows to 48–150 cm (19–59 in) tall, with leaves up to 43 cm (17 in) long and 1.3 cm (0.5 in) broad. In spring of the second year, internodes elongate, and the seedhead forms. Leaves: smooth, hairless and pale green. Timothy hay is rich in long fibre and its abrasive texture helps to grind down the teeth, keeping both the teeth and jaw in good order. Saddlebred, in dry matter yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, by 5-10%. Timothy flowers later, from June until August, whereas meadow foxtail flowers from April until June. Foxtail Seed head: Photo: North Carolina State University This will only be obvious when the grasses have matured and are going to seed, prior to mowing. 1:23 . Typically timothy grass has a finer texture than other grasses. The Foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it is not Timothy. Awn A stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes. Foxtail is a summer annual grass, meaning it grows from seed in the spring and dies in the fall. The leaf blades are hairless, smooth and pale green. Timothy is a versatile grass that can be fed to cattle and (especially) horses as hay, and also can provides suitable forage, usually in combination with a legume such … Seed head 2 by StrangeTikiGod This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Timothy grass is a tall, very robust perennial grass characterised by its long, cylindrical flower heads. These produce a mass of basal leaves and usually one leafy stem of 20 to 40 inches that ends in a seed head. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. What does Timothy grass look like? Website design by. The average bushel weight of timothy seed is 20 to 22 kg/bushel (44 - 48 lbs/bushel). Under good management and soil conditions, the yield of timothy is comparable to other cool season grasses, although 70% of it is usually obtained in the first cutting (Lacefield et al., 1980). Timothy (Phleum pratense) is an abundant perennial grass native to most of Europe except for the Mediterranean region.It is also known as timothy'-grass, meadow cat's-tail or common cat's tail. Seed-head a dense, spike-like panicle, of approximately uniform diameter along its whole length; distinguished from phalaris and meadow foxtail by the fine detail of the spikelets - timothy has pointed glumes shaped so as to give the end of the spikelet a flat appearance with a distinctive double tip. It flowers from June until September. Timothy grows 3 to 4 feet tall. The short, soft awns along the sides of the seed head give the appearance of a fox's tail. $6.39. The spikelets of timothy are twin hornlike projections arranged in cylindrical panicles, whereas foxtail has a soft, single awn.[7]. Buy Timothy Straight After cutting it grows slowly. Timothy is a versatile grass that can be fed to cattle and (especially) horses as hay, and also can provides suitable forage, usually in combination with a legume such … Grass can be planted through the end of July but no later. Collar A light-colored band of tissue opposite the ligule, on the outer side of the grass leaf. Product Features: Climax Timothy SeedSeed 8-10 Pounds per acre.Timothy grows best in cooler temperatures.Growth slows as Summer progresses.Timothy does not tolerate low moisture conditions.50 Pound Bag A 10 cm (4 in) stubble height should remain following grazing. Timothy is very winter-hardy and has a high tolerance for cold temperatures. It can also be combined with meadow fescue in traditional long term hay mixtures. A very firm seed bed is required at planting, with seed placement not to exceed 1/4 inch in depth. Germination Period of Timothy Grass. Pick a seed head and compare it to this picture. Copyright © 2017 Pawnee Buttes Seed Inc. All rights reserved. Timothy Grass Seed - Timothy grass is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. The forage it produces is acceptable to most classes of stock. It does not spread by either rhizomes or stolons and has a shallow, fibrous root system. Colt matures faster than Climax, which has benefits in areas with short growing seasons. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. It also grows in roadsides and abandoned fields but generally requires nutrient-rich soils. A stem of Timothy grass Phleum pratense with seed head, in black and white. Individual timothy shoots are typically biennial, but the plant maintains itself a… It is considered part of the standard mix for grass hay and provides quality nutrition for horses. 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