As stated, Hellenism is not merely a system of orthopraxic devotion and supplication of the Gods, but rather is an entire ethos which encompasses one’s entire lifestyle and is thus lived every day. This can thus produce a certain anxiety among those who are Hellenic by genos that a precious possession of theirs, a very birth-rite of the Hellenic people, their religious tradition, is being stolen from them. It is not to be used synonymously with eclectic New Age religions. Accessed June 26, 2018. http://www.hellenicgods.org/exclusivism-and-hellenismos. This process is mandatory to practice Hellenism, but it is available to all who wish to join the Hellenic tradition. As such, Sell probably led to “Hellene” through regular sound change. The reality is that by sharing their religion, those who are Hellenic by genos glorify and ennoble themselves, occupying a unique and venerable position. Others, however, were driven underground and forced into an unsure secrecy, enduring a long period of trial. As such, Sell probably led to “Hellene” through regular sound change. “Where Is Olympus? Hellenism. Hellenismos oder hellenischer Polytheismus (griechisch Ελληνική εθνική θρησκεία), auch Dodekatheismus, nach den zwölf Göttern der klassischen griechischen Religion, ist eine neue religiöse Bewegung, die sich an der traditionellen Religion des klassischen Griechenlands orientiert, nach antiken und wissenschaftlichen Quellen rekonstruiert und an die moderne Welt angepasst ist. Zeus is not merely some lowly regional deity of the peoples of Southern Europe, but rather He is the King of Heaven, and thus He is the King of the All, who rules everything in our Kosmos, from the lowest pits of the Earth to the highest vaults of the heavens. ), The Einalic/Dii Mari, or Sea deities (e.g., Poseidon, Coventina, etc. As such, when engaging with Zeus, or any Hellenic manifestation of divinity, They should be worshiped in distinctly Hellenic cultural systems of worship, which includes sacred rites, methods, attire, and traditions. Accessed April 21, 2018. http://www.caldridge.net/2016/12/where-is-olympus-greatest-mysteries.html. Hellenistic religion, any of the various systems of beliefs and practices of eastern Mediterranean peoples from 300 bc to ad 300. ), The Khthonic/Dii Inferi, or Underworld deities (e.g., Plouton, Hermes, etc. In short, Zeus used this element for binding the whole together and arranging the heavens. University of California Press, 2012. It is not vague, undefined “earth-based” spirituality. And today, the greatest of the Hellenic teachers living at this very moment in Athens, tell us that Hellenism is for everyone, as it is the religion of the kosmos, declare that “the Gods do not only dwell in the mountains of Greece. And to those of Greek genos who feel threatened by this great diversity of peoples coming once again into Hellenism, let it be known that “those of us who are not of your blood, but who love the Gods, are also Philhellenes, friends of the Greeks, a new generation like those of the great war for independence, those like Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley” (HellenicGods.org 2010, THE ANCIENT GREEK RELIGION IS A UNIVERSAL RELIGION). Siniossoglou, Niketas. In K. A. Dimadis. There is only one place we know of where there are no winds, rains, snows nor clouds, but where the all-ruling sun is still present, bestowing radiance upon the Gods to perfect them, and this place is far beyond our mundane realm. The period of Hellenistic influence, when taken as a whole, constitutes one of the most creative periods in the history of religions. This website is under constant construction. One acquires culture through a process of civilizing education called paideia (Elm 2012, 378-379), where one Hellenizes themselves and thus adopt the ethos, or “character,” of Hellenism (e.g., language, history, philosophy, etc). https://www.academia.edu/1999944/The_making_of_an_ethnic_group_the_Romaioi_in_12th-13th_century. New York, NY: W. W. Nortion & Company, 2018. Humans were not the ultimate in the universe:God is. Because despite the fact that Hellenism is a universal religion, with the Hellenic ethnos able to be joined by anybody who is willing to undergo that Hellenizing process of paideia, those who are of Hellenic genos will nonetheless always retain a special place within the tradition, for it was their ancestors who first discovered the practices of the eternal religion and understood it. Hellenism (Greek: Ellinismós, Latin: Hellenismus), also less frequently called Olympianism (Greek: Olympianismós, Latin: Olympianismus) or Dodekatheism (Greek: Dodekatheïsmós, Latin: Duodecimdeismus), is the traditional polytheistic and animistic orthopraxic religion, lifestyle, aesthetics, and ethos of the ancient Graeco-Roman world, and is the indigenous religion of the common Greek and Latin cultural sphere… But many Jewish people recognized Hellenism as antithetical to the Bible. One theory is that the ancient Hellenes originally called themselves Selloi, and that through time the initial sigma in Proto-Greek became aspirated in ancient Greek, turning /s/ into /h/ in initial positions. London: Heinemann etc., 1962. CK3. This notion goes back to ancient Athens as Isokrates tells us: “Athens has made it so that the name of the Greeks designates not a people [genos] but a mind-set, and those are called Greeks who share in our culture rather than our common stock [physis]” (Isokrates: Panegyric 50). Another notable example is ancient Athens, which Herodotos tells us had actually began as a pre-Hellenic Pelasgian settlement that had become Hellenized through a process of paideia, where its inhabitants learned the Hellenic language (Herodotos Histories, I.57). This can be understandable to a certain degree when we find the current political situation of Greece and its inhabitants today. Broadly speaking, Hellenism is a polytheistic religion that understands the Gods are unchanging, unbegotten, eternal, and not in space. It’s given notice by Agamemnon in his prayer to Zeus: “Zeus, most glorious, supreme, that dwells in the sky [aither], and rides upon the storm-cloud” (Homer Iliad, II, 412 ff). Any freethinking and intelligent person who is observing the Kosmos with an analytical and imaginative eye is capable of deriving the essential principles of it. Leaders of the movement claimed in 2005 that there are as many as 2,000 adherents to the Hellenic tra As such, religions of “the tribes/nations” were deemed ethnikos (“ethnic,” but this does not have the same connotation as the English word), as pertaining to a tribe or nation (not to be confused with the contemporary notion of a nation-state), in opposition to Christian katholikos, “catholic” or “universal.” In the Latin West, the term Paganus, or Pagan, was coined in the religious sense by Christians in Late Antiquity as a translation of ethnikos. Cambridge (Mass. It is well known that the Living Immortals dwell on Mount Olympos, but only the uneducated would actually think that the location of Mount Olympos was synonymous with the mountain in northern Greece. Hellenism (neoclassicism), an aesthetic movement in 18th and 19th century England and Germany; Hellenism (religion), the syncretistic religion of the Hellenistic period, re-emerging publicly since the late 1980s; See also. Dodekatheism originated in and is practiced in Greece and in other countries. Life is not to be lived for self but for him. As such, Hellenism and its practices are applicable to all peoples, and this is one of the reasons for the tradition’s heavenly majesty. It is thus very straightforward to understand that Hellenism was the world’s first universal religion. One theory is that the ancient Hellenes originally called themselves Selloi, and that through time the, initial sigma in Proto-Greek became aspirated in ancient Greek, turning /s/ into /h/ in initial positions. This identity of Hellene meaning Graeco-Roman polytheist continued into the reign of the much later Constantine VII (r. 913-959 ACE), who in his De Administrando Imperio makes explicit reference to the last public Hellenes, the Maniots (Greenhalgh & Eliopoulos 1985, 22), in such a manner: “Be it known that the inhabitants of Castle Maina are not from the race of aforesaid Slavs (Melingoi and Ezeritai dwelling on the Taygetus) but from the older Romaioi, who up to the present time are termed Hellenes by the local inhabitants on account of their being in olden times idolaters and worshippers of idols like the ancient Greeks, and who were baptized and became Christians in the reign of the glorious Basil. The Odyssey. The Greeks believed in a multitude of gods. ), Terrestrial Daimons/Genii (e.g., Daktyloi, Satyrs, Nymphs such as Nereids and Dryads, etc. Judaism believes not only that there is only one G-d who created everything, but that G-d is actively involved in ruling the world. One cannot be considered a Hellene simply because they were born into a family that was Hellenic by genos, nor simply because they adopted the religion divorced of its ethos. The ultimate in beauty is what God has created. So far I'm having an absolute blast with this game and there are only very few things that I could criticise, which will probably be fixed pretty soon in some way via patches. However, despite the colossal effort to dismantle and exterminate our religion, it continued to persist. Central to Hellenism is the universal desire to achieve and satisfy the human striving, or telos, for eudaimonia (Latin: Felicitas), the divinely inspired contented state of having a good indwelling spirit in which we are healthy, happy and prosperous. The Greek region of Laconia in particular resisted conversion for an extended period of time and the last public Hellenes were the Maniots in 875 ACE, though they continued to practice their religion until the 10th-11th centuries, which was noted by Constantine VII’s in his work De Administrando Imperio. Historically, Hellenism went on to continue on for many centuries, even after Christians took control of the Roman Empire and begun bloody persecution against Hellenes. We can find an understanding of Hellenism as both universal (katholikos) as well as an ethnikos in the very Gods Themselves. The best proof of this is furnished by Homer. One G-d The belief in one G-d is the first of the Ten Commandments. Someone who is not born in Hellas and not born by Hellenic parents, but has a Hellenic education and thus has thoroughly Hellenized themselves, can be considered “more Hellenic” than someone who had the two prior but was deprived of the latter. The majority of modern historians agree that the religion practiced by the ancient Greeks had been extinguished by the 9th century AD at the latest and that there is little to no evidence that it survived past the Middle Ages. With its divine kernel preserved, Hellenism resurfaced in the public sphere in Mediterranean countries such as Greece and Italy during the 1980s and 1990s. This makes sense as and by its very nature Hellenism reflects the reality and universal principles of the Kosmos itself, and as such it is an eternal religion. Persecution was harsh, however, with our temples often either being destroyed or, worse, desacrilized and converted into churches. This can directly relate to another etymological theory, where the word Hellene comes from the prefixes el/ελ (meaning “sun, bright, shiny,” related to elios, “sun“) and las/λας (meaning “rock, stone”). Merely worshiping the Gods does not make one a Hellene, because if it were so then superstitious Wiccans would be considered Hellenic simply for their lipservice to the Gods. Hellenism can be described as a form of Paganism, also called Ethnism (Latin: Paganismo, Greek: Ethnikos), which means it is an ethnos. Its sense of ownership over the “Classics” is often challenged either by particular deluded “academics” from Western Europeans or equally foolish political organizations, who frequently feel a misled necessity to stress some kind of “inferiority” of present-day Greeks to their classical forebears, or even wholly erase their identity. Kaldellēs, Antōnios Emm. Question: "What is Hellenism, and how did it influence the early church?" Rather, Hellenes in the context of the Hellenism this page discusses is the ethnos that had been born in ancient antiquity and survived through the centuries, from ancient Hellas through Byzantium and has survived all the way to the modern day. Truth is what God has revealed and allowed people to discover. For Orpheus’ teachings tell us of the great compassion of Zeus and of how He devised a plan to deliver us from our anguish by sending His divine son Dionysos to deliver us from our misery. And that’s just where Olympos sits: the heavens. Hellenism, the Hellenic ethnic religion also known as Hellenismos, Hellenic polytheism, Dodekatheism or Olympianism, consists of various religious movements that restore or to reconstruct ancient Greek religious practice, which appeared publicly since 1990-ies. Hellenism must therefore, by definition, be simultaneously both a universal religion and a ethnikos. Here the Selli dwelt and those who were formerly called Graeci and now Hellenes.” As such, the Selloi became the Helloi, though again no one is absolutely certain. Overall, as Herodotos tells us, though religion is part of Hellenism, Hellenism is more than a religion. Rather, to be a practitioner of Hellenism, one must embrace the Hellenic ethos via a process of education where one Hellenizes themselves and ultimately participates in the ethnos. Hellenism is the most common term used to describe the continued practice of polytheistic Ancient Greek religious beliefs; it stems from the name given to Roman Emperor Julian’s revival of Greek religion, but it can also refer to Ancient Greek religion and culture in general. If you undergo a process of paideia and this cultivates into a conversion to Hellenism, where you participate in the Hellenic community, then you are a Hellene. ere exists economic strife in the country, and its heritage is often subject to attack from all sides thanks to a. kind of internal colonialism within Europe. It was not till Hellen [son of Deucalion] and his sons grew strong in Phthiotis, and were invited as allies into the other cities, that one by one they gradually acquired from the connection the name of Hellenes; though a long time elapsed before that name could fasten itself upon all. Aldridge, Chris. Faber and Faber. It helps, but reduction from 53K to 47K is just a spit in the sea. Statement of Activities For the Year Ended December 31, 2007, "From Hellenismos to Threskia to Dodekathiesm", Supreme Council of Ethnikoi Hellenes (YSEE), Supreme Council of National Greeks America, Kalash: The Lost Tribe of Alexander the Great, Tropaion: researching ancient Greek religion, Frequently asked questions about the Ethnic Hellenic religion and tradition, Pagans fight for divine rights of old Greek gods, NPR reports on "Return of the Hellenes" movement, Letter From Greece: The Gods Return to Olympus, Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hellenism_(religion)&oldid=995533331, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Professor Giorgos Dontas, president of the, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 15:43. ): Harvard University Press, 1979. Many of the values celebrated by modern Hellenists such moderation and self-control are also values considered important by Western culture in general. Hellenism has a history of welcoming people of diverse backgrounds, including several famous Hellenes such as Plotinos (a Egyptian), Iamblichus (a Syrian), Emperor Julian (a Illyro-Thracian), and so on, who were each not born as Hellenes. Hellenism (Greek: Ellinismós, Latin: Hellenismus), also less frequently called Olympianism (Greek: Olympianismós, Latin: Olympianismus) or Dodekatheism (Greek: Dodekatheïsmós, Latin: Duodecimdeismus), is the traditional polytheistic and animistic orthopraxic religion, lifestyle, aesthetics, and ethos of the ancient Graeco-Roman world, and is the indigenous religion of the common Greek and Latin cultural sphere. On another hand, Hellenism was continued in sporadic attempts at revival among intellectuals. Hellenism in Byzantium: the transformations of Greek identity and the reception of the classical tradition. Everything on this website is subject to change. When one converts to Hellenism, they are not merely adopting certain dogmas, beliefs, and praxis, but are becoming a member of the Hellene ethnos, too. Furthermore, the Gods are not bound by any mortal society and belong to no one, as They are not mere culture nor objects– They are real, living and eternal Beings who have agencies of Their own, and thus cannot be reduced to mere “trinkets” that belong to a culture, as this stupidly substitutes human judgment over that of the Gods and would thus commit the sin of hubris. This identification of Hellenes as a separate peoples continued into the Medieval era, with Procopius writing that the Christian Emperor Justinian tried to destroy Hellenism, even within private life, with new decrees and lawcodes such as his Corpus Juris Civilis, stating that “he [Justinian] turned the persecution against the ‘Greeks’ [Hellenes], torturing their bodies and looting their property. This additionally means that they forfeit the claim to their sacred sites, which currently lack the legal rights of a religion and are thus often deemed secular and state property. Elm, Susanna. Î½Î¹ÎºÎ® ÎÎ¼Î¬Î´Î± Î", "ÎÏÎ±ÏÎ¿ Î£Ï
Î¼Î²Î¿ÏÎ»Î¹Î¿ ÏÏÎ½ ÎÎ»Î»Î®Î½ÏÎ½ ÎÎ¸Î½Î¹ÎºÏÎ½", "Hellenism Officially Recognized as a Religion in Greece", "There's a reason why Zeus is king of the gods and Hermes isn't - The House of Vines", "The organizational and operating structure of the YSEE", "Who we are - Hellenic Religion. As such, Hellas, the Greek word for Greece, means “the land of the sun and the rock;” Hellenism means “the culture and/or religion of the sun and the rock;” and the word Hellene can be understood to mean “person of the sun and the rock.”. This is supported by Aristotle in Meteorology 1:14, who writes: “The deluge in the time of Deukalion, for instance, took place chiefly in the Greek world and in it especially about ancient Hellas, the country about Dodona and the Achelous, a river which has often changed its course. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. The term Hellenism was first coined in its proper religious sense by the blessed Emperor Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus to refer to the general entirety of Graeco-Roman tradition as it was fundamentally derived from the Greeks, or Hellenes. Regards The place in which they live is waterless and inaccessible, but has olives from which they gain some consolation.”. On one hand, many of its practices continued on in folk practices across Southern European countries like Greece, Spain, France, Portugal and Italy, and though largely de-contextualized from their original tradition they are often used today to reconstruct a contemporary living Hellenism. Its sense of ownership over the “Classics” is often challenged either by particular deluded “academics” from Western Europeans or equally foolish political organizations, who frequently feel a misled necessity to stress some kind of “inferiority” of present-day Greeks to their classical forebears, or even wholly erase their identity. Accessed January 18, 2018. http://www.hellenicgods.org/. Hellenes worship a large number of deities, which includes: Those who practice Hellenism are called Hellenes, which in this context is not the same as citizens from the contemporary Christian nation in Greece who likewise call themselves Hellenes but partake in a “Christian Hellenism” invented by the Romiosyni (i.e., Greek Christians) 200 years ago. The concept of Hellenistic religion as the late form of Ancient Greek religion covers any of the various systems of beliefs and practices of the people who lived under the influence of ancient Greek culture during the Hellenistic period and the Roman Empire (c. 300 BCE to 300 CE). Deep into Mani: Journey to the Southern Tip of Greece. Today Hellenism sees a large revival movement which largely grew out of the various folk traditions which have survived since ancient antiquity. As such, Hellenism is self-revelatory. Many of these decided to assume for appearance’ sake the name of Christian in order to avert the immediate threat; but it was not long before they were for the most part caught at their libations and sacrifices” (Procopius 1935, 137-141). At the same time, of course, the Highest God, in His particular manifestation as Zeus, presents Himself in a particular form and in a particular mythology that is unique to Hellenism, and is perceived of, arrived to, worshiped in, and had His cultus spread throughout the world, in a distinctly Hellenic context and manner. Another, perhaps more mystical approach, builds off of the previous example. Enter your email address to follow Hellenic Faith and receive notifications of new posts by email. Instead, we can begin to understand what an ethnos designates by looking at its etymology. Michael Psellos (c. 1017/1018 – 1078/1096 ACE) was accused of, and likely implicit in, being secretly a Hellene. A similar logic can be applied to the Olympian Gods, who are the Hypercosmic Powers who overlook each of the Zodiac Houses. This is because though Pagan traditions such as Hellenism are ethnikos because they originated with a group of people, they are at the same time katholikos, or universal, because anyone can join them via adopting the ethos. HELLENISM, term generally used by historians to refer to the period from the death of Alexander the Great (323 B.C.E.) Another, perhaps more mystical approach, builds off of the previous example. As stated prior, Hellenism on an global scale began after the death of Alexander the Great and the spreading of Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean. The History of the Peloponnesian War. Toleration of the pagan Greek religious practices was encouraged. Wright. Furthermore, it cannot be confused with a secular notion of “culture” because one can be Hellenic in ancestry, speak Greek and Latin, and undertake every Hellenic cultural aspect – but if you convert to a religion incompatible with Hellenism you are not a Hellene anymore, as demonstrated by medieval “Greek Christians” who took to identifying themselves as “Rhomaioi” (i.e., Roman, Byzantine) instead of “Hellene” once they converted away from Hellenism and into Christianity (Howatson 1989, 264), rejecting the cultural force of Hellenism and explicitly classifying Hellenes as a distinct people with a separate identity (Malatras 2011, 425-427). The name “Hellene” is exceptionally ancient, far predating Julian’s usage. ), The Titans (e.g., Kronos, Meter Theon, etc. Homer only uses the term Hellene twice in his works (, The precise etymology of Hellenism is uncertain, and mostly speculative. Translated by Emily Wilson. This is supported by. They are the Gods of all people and have dominion over everything” (HellenicGods.org 2010, THE ANCIENT GREEK RELIGION IS A UNIVERSAL RELIGION). However, it is not just a system of orthopraxic devotion and supplication of the divine, but rather is an entire everyday lived ethos and system of morality which encompasses a person’s entire lifestyle; a modus vivendi et operandi, or “way of living and operating.” The ethical convictions of Hellenes are inspired by ancient Graeco-Roman virtues such as reciprocity, hospitality, and moderation. Hellenism was not a dead religion in 867 and it shouldn't be in game (for Laconia). “HELLENISMOS FAQ.” http://Www.HellenicGods.org. Overland Park (Kan.): Digireads.com Publishing, 2009. Translated by Richard Crawley. Template:Article issues Both Hinduism and Hellenism are very ancient traditions. Hellenic Faith is a website dedicated to Julian Hellenism, a reformed denomination of Hellenism, the polytheistic religion of the Graeco-Roman world, influenced by the teachings and writings of Julian the Philosopher (r. 361-363 ACE) and the divine Iamblichus (c. 245-325 ACE). Thoukydides tells us that “before the Trojan war there is no indication of any common action in Hellas, nor indeed of the universal prevalence of the name; on the contrary, before the time of Hellen, son of Deucalion [i.e., one of the only humans, along with his wife Pyrrhua, to survive the deluge which ended of the Age of Bronze], no such appellation existed, but the country went by the names of the different tribes, in particular of the Pelasgian. This word continues to have this meaning in the derived French word pays, which implies “a nation” or “country.” As such, we can understand that an ethnos denotes a “tribal identity.” An ethnos can be understood to designate a group of people who share a common ethos (Latin: Mores) meaning “character” or “culture.” This includes language, literature, history, philosophy, science, morality, unwritten moral codes which stem from common habits, socially acceptable behavior, and so on. Philhellenes are the admirers of Hellenism and Hellenes (Greek culture and Greeks). Thoukydides. Hellenism’s universality is further made evident by Orpheus, a sage who lived during the Age of the Heroes who is the primary and most foundational theologian of the Hellenic religion. 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