They were followed by the Kidarites who, in turn, were replaced by the Hephthalites. [280] Afghan rugs are becoming popular again, allowing many carpet dealers around the country to hire more workers; in 2016–17 it was the fourth most exported group of items. [368] The pakol is another traditional hat originating from the far east of the country; it was popularly worn by the guerilla leader Ahmad Shah Massoud. [84] During his ten years at the post until 1963, Daoud Khan pressed for social modernization reforms and sought a closer relationship with the Soviet Union. [355], Classic Persian and Pashto poetry are a cherished part of Afghan culture. Browse more videos. There is no coastline, as Afghanistan is landlocked. Bomb blast kills deputy governor of Afghanistan's capital. Afghan classical music has close historical links with Indian classical music and use the same Hindustani terminology and theories like raga. Parts of the region were later ruled by the Khwarazmian, Khalji, Timurid, Lodi, Sur, Mughal, and Safavid empires. "America with her rich and modern weaponry knelt down to us mujahedeen. It is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the Group of 77, the Economic Cooperation Organization, and the Non-Aligned Movement. A car bomb killed eight people and wounded more than 15 others in Kabul Sunday, officials said, the latest attack to rock the Afghan capital. A. Brussels, Belgium B. Berlin, Germany C. Washington D.C, United States D. Geneva, Switzerland (Answer) International Finance Corporation was headquartered in-----? [256] The Afghan Journalists Safety Committee (AJSC) claimed in 2017 that the Afghan government accounted for 46% of the attacks on Afghans journalists, while insurgents were responsible for rest of the attacks. [307] However electricity is not always reliable and blackouts happen, including in Kabul. it 19:30: Il Governo statunitense nega qualsiasi responsabilità riguardo alle esplosioni di Kabul. Genres of this style of music include ghazal (poetic music) and instruments such as the Indian tabla, sitar and harmonium, and local instruments like zerbaghali, as well as dayereh and tanbur which are also known in Central Asia, the Caucusus and the Middle East. [191], Endemic fauna of Afghanistan includes the Afghan flying squirrel, Afghan snowfinch, Afghanodon (or the "Paghman mountain salamander"), Stigmella kasyi, Vulcaniella kabulensis, Afghan leopard gecko, Wheeleria parviflorellus, amongst others. During World War I, when Afghanistan was neutral, Habibullah Khan was met by officials of the Central Powers in the Niedermayer–Hentig Expedition, to declare full independence from the United Kingdom, join them and attack British India, as part of the Hindu–German Conspiracy. [216] Carpets have been produced in the region for thousands of years and traditionally done by women. Kabul - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Kabul - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Various other Buddhist and Hindu dynasties also ruled the region, including the Saka, Kidarite, Hephthalite, Alkhon, Nezak, Zunbil, Turk Shahi, and Hindu Shahi. [207], Afghans, particularly Pashtuns, are noted for their tribal solidarity and high regard for personal honor. The NATO-led Operation Resolute Support was formed the same day as a successor to ISAF. Security officials said a magnetic bomb, known as a "sticky bomb", had been placed on his car. An important site of early historical activities, many believe that Afghanistan compares to Egypt in terms of the historical value of its archaeological sites.[15][36]. SCAN-TELE-01443286 Afghanistan's sports teams are increasingly celebrating titles at international events. [382][383] A notable art style that developed in Afghanistan and eastern Pakistan is Gandhara Art, produced by a fusion of Greco-Roman art and Buddhist art between the 1st and 7th centuries CE. [189] Marmots and ibex also live in the high mountains of Afghanistan, and pheasants exist in some parts of the country. The United States is building six faculties of education and five provincial teacher training colleges around the country, two large secondary schools in Kabul, and one school in Jalalabad. [392] Perhaps the most famous artist of this genre was Ahmad Zahir, who synthesized many genres and continues to be renowned for his voice and rich lyrics long after his death in 1979. Bomb blast kills deputy governor of Afghanistan's capital. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, 15th least developed country in the world, Indian Institute of Health Management Research, 2010 ICC World Cricket League Division One, Alokozay Kabul International Cricket Ground, Ghazi Amanullah Khan International Cricket Stadium, "Article Sixteen of the 2004 Constitution of Afghanistan", "South Asia :: Afghanistan – the World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, "Afghanistan: A Treasure Trove for Archaeologists", "Chronological History of Afghanistan – the cradle of Gandharan civilisation",,, "The Geographical Part of the NUZHAT-AL-QULUB", "Richard Strand's Nuristân Site: Peoples and Languages of Nuristan", "Obama's war: Deploying 17,000 raises stakes in Afghanistan", "Chapter 200: Translation of the Introduction to Firishta's History", "A Literary History of Persia, Volume 4: Modern Times (1500–1924), Chapter IV. Every year hundreds of Afghan police are killed in the line of duty. [176] The country imports over $7 billion worth of goods but exports only $784 million, mainly fruits and nuts. In 1776, the Durrani capital was moved to Kabul while Peshawar became the winter capital;[20] the latter was lost to Sikhs in 1823. Nevertheless, some 20,000 foreign tourists visit the country annually as of 2016. [389] It has been claimed that Afghanistan is among the biggest markets for the Hindi film industry. Of this, about 60% are males and 40% females. Afghan interior ministry spokesman, Tariq Arian said that the deputy provincial governor was killed with his secretary while two of his bodyguards have been badly wounded. [401] Thursdays are traditionally "poetry night" in the city of Herat when men, women and children gather and recite both ancient and modern poems.[402]. [320], Due to Afghanistan's geography, transport between various parts of the country have historically been difficult. Example sentences with "capital of Afghanistan", translation memory. [200] Afghanistan's healthcare has recovered since the turn of the century, causing falls in infant mortality and increases in life expectancy. Clue: Capital of Afghanistan. [335], Private vehicle ownership has increased substantially since the early 2000s. The population of Afghanistan was estimated at 32.9 million as of 2019 by the Afghanistan Statistics and Information Authority,[195] whereas the UN estimates over 38.0 million. National Independence Day is celebrated on 19 August to mark the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 under King Amanullah Khan and the country's full independence. [358] One writer considers the tribal system to be the best way of organizing large groups of people in a country that is geographically difficult, and in a society that, from a materialistic point of view, has an uncomplicated lifestyle. Two of the four capitals of Khorasan (Herat and Balkh) are now located in Afghanistan, while the regions of Kandahar, Zabulistan, Ghazni, Kabulistan, and Afghanistan formed the frontier between Khorasan and Hindustan. Capital city. The situation in the country deteriorated under Amin and thousands of people went missing. Taxis are yellow in color and consist of both cars and auto rickshaws. [360] Afghan culture is deeply Islamic,[361] but pre-Islamic practices persist. As well as Pashtun and Tajik communities, who make up the majority of Afghans, there is a significant Ḥazāra population, along with Uzbek, Turkmen, and other groups. [275][276][277] Similar development projects have also begun in Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif, and other cities. King Zahir Shah, like his father Nadir Shah, had a policy of maintaining national independence while pursuing gradual modernization, creating nationalist feeling, and improving relations with the United Kingdom. [68] Punjab and Kashmir were lost to Ranjit Singh, who invaded Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in March 1823 and captured the city of Peshawar at the Battle of Nowshera. [419] The national team plays its home games at the Ghazi Stadium in Kabul, while football in Afghanistan is governed by the Afghanistan Football Federation. [239] The provincial governors are representatives of the central government in Kabul and are responsible for all administrative and formal issues within their provinces. In a mosque on the outskirts of Afghanistan's capital, Kabul, a preacher crowed to assembled men and boys: The Taliban, with their primitive guns, brought foreign forces to their knees, he said, and the Afghan government is next. [338] Former Education Minister Ghulam Farooq Wardak had stated that construction of 8,000 schools is required for the remaining children who are deprived of formal learning. It was favored by former kings of Afghanistan and became known to much of the world in the 21st century when it was constantly worn by President Hamid Karzai. [262] With implementing Sharia law offenders can face death. [176] It is dominated by the Hindu Kush range, the western extension of the Himalayas that stretches to eastern Tibet via the Pamir Mountains and Karakoram Mountains in Afghanistan's far north-east. He defeated Gurgin Khan and made Afghanistan independent. China wins $700 million Afghan oil and gas deal. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [289], The country's natural resources include: coal, copper, iron ore, lithium, uranium, rare earth elements, chromite, gold, zinc, talc, barite, sulfur, lead, marble, precious and semi-precious stones, natural gas, and petroleum, among other things. [293] The United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimated in 2006 that northern Afghanistan has an average 460 million m3 (2.9 billion bbl) of crude oil, 440 billion m3 (15.7 trillion cu ft) of natural gas, and 67 billion L (562 million US bbl) of natural gas liquids. capital of Afghanistan is Kabul, but if you want to know the history of capital in Afghanistan you better check from wikipedia write Kandahar you will get every informition Malgré que la capitale d’Afghanistan KABOUL a été gravement endommagée pendant les guerres 1979-2001 divers, en particulier ses parties occidentales. [355] In the southern and eastern region, the people live according to the Pashtun culture by following Pashtunwali (the Pashtun way). Tirana. [339], The top universities in Afghanistan are the American University of Afghanistan (AUAF) followed by Kabul University (KU), both of which are located in Kabul. [80] He abandoned the reforms of Amanullah Khan in favor of a more gradual approach to modernization but was assassinated in 1933 by Abdul Khaliq, a fifteen-year-old Hazara student who was an Amanullah loyalist. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 18 septembre 2020 à 18:38. [65] Durrani and his Afghan army conquered much of present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Khorasan and Kohistan provinces of Iran, and Delhi in India. KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — A car bomb blast that rocked Afghanistan’s capital Sunday morning killed at least nine people, according to the Afghan Interior Ministry. Cricket and association football are the two most popular sports in the country. Dictionary entry overview: What does capital of Afghanistan mean? [224] Loya jirgas have been held since at least 1747,[225] with the most recent one occurring in 2013. [254][255] However many issues regarding human rights exist contrary to the law, often committed by local tribes, lawmakers and hardline clerics. These were worn by some women of the Pashtun community well before Islam came to the region, but the Taliban enforced this dress on women when they were in power. [71][72] Following an uprising, the 1842 retreat from Kabul of British-Indian forces and the annihilation of Elphinstone's army, and the Battle of Kabul that led to its recapture, the British placed Dost Mohammad Khan back into power and withdrew their military forces from Afghanistan. [83], Until 1946, Zahir Shah ruled with the assistance of his uncle, who held the post of Prime Minister and continued the policies of Nadir Shah. [32] Throughout millennia several cities within the modern day Afghanistan served as capitals of various empires, namely Bactra (Balkh), Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum), Kapisi, Sigal, Kabul, Kunduz, Zaranj, Firozkoh, Herat, Ghazna (Ghazni), Binban (Bamyan), and Kandahar. The colder high elevation regions are composed of hardy grasses and small flowering plants. Afghanistan remains one of the poorest countries in the world because of a lack of foreign investment, government corruption, and the Taliban insurgency. Summer temperatures average around 90 °F (32 °C), although a diurnal difference of 20 °C is not uncommon. [93][94] Lasting nine years, the war caused the deaths of between 562,000[95] and 2 million Afghans,[96][97][98][99][100][101][102] and displaced about 6 million people who subsequently fled Afghanistan, mainly to Pakistan and Iran. [29] The Arabic and Persian form of the name, Afġān was first attested in the 10th-century geography book Hudud al-'Alam. 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