In contrast, the Western civilization is more individualistic, trying to find the meaning of life here and now with self at the center as it is already given and part of the divine. Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Shenism, and Taoism are some common religions in these countries. It emphasizes values the West has forgotten. We want validation for our own self … Due to its Christian influence, there has to be a beginning and end to find meaning. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. This illusion becomes apparent during meditation when the practitioner recognizes that there is no “I” that can be identified. People build taxonomies for both to try and get some clarity; the distinctions continue to proliferate in an unhelpful way. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. Eastern concepts of the ego differ from Western concepts. 3. These frequent gatherings create a sense of community within a community and people will socialize after services. If you are interested in learning more about the community and academic programs at Saybrook University, fill out the form below to request more information. Thus, we come to a more authentic and genuine view of reality. It celebrates the self, and yet it’s the opposite of selfishness. Richard C. Page. In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. %PDF-1.7 %���� Presents cross-cultural comparison of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Eastern Religions Have A Different Perspective Because of its different perspective, Eastern religious thought has always fascinated, and often confused, the Western mind. Our illusions and distortions, caused by our belief in a fictional ego bent on fortification and justification of a self, prevents us from recognizing the underlying harmony and unity that pervades all of life. There is no soul and no-self. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. However, through the process of meditation and mindfulness, we are able to examine the inner workings of our mind and come to understand the nature of illusion and how it arises. 16 0 obj The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. endstream The Concept of ‘The Self’ in Western and Eastern Traditions. Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) Perspective of Western and Eastern Theories of the Self EASTERN 1. Individualism – favours the individual as an independent entity and encourages self-promotion and self-worth. Eastern and Western religions also differ in the way people worship them. And less practical practices that may be present in their eastern counterparts. 12 0 obj The article examines the Western ideas concerning how the self is constructed and how it relates to perception and experience. 10 0 obj It is evident that there exists a pluralism with respect to the existence of the self, as well as that some Western authors have similar views to the Eastern concept of the self (e. g. Hume). <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Student Gateway Faculty & Staff Gateway  Donate, 888.308.0032 | 55 Eureka Street Pasadena, CA 91103 | Privacy Policy | © 2019 Saybrook University | Consumer Disclosures, In Blog, Human Experience, Mind-Body Medicine, 5 different types of therapy in psychology, 5 career paths for a Ph.D. in social work, Connecting guided imagery and motivational interviewing in meditation class. The true “Me” in every human being is a … <>stream °astern ±oncept of Self 94n the east philosophy and religion are twisted together. Comparison of Western and Eastern Concepts of Self Western Eastern Duality- you are distinct from other persons Other persons are part of your self Talk about their personal attributes Talk about their social roles Highlights personal achievements Keeps a low profile and avoid boastfulness Individualistic- focus on the person Collectivistic- group and social relations are more important … A person could not act one way at home and a completely different way in public, especially civic leaders, merchants, teachers, and rulers. From Eastern perspectives, however, the ego is a social fiction. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 3 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Type/Page>> <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> In the Eastern view, we are all in need of “therapy” (normal or disturbed alike) since few of us are functioning free from the influence of delusions, projections, or uncurbed desires. In analyzing a mythological work, a proper understanding of the nature of the self and its relation to the Cosmos is essential. 2 With notable exceptions (e.g. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. Name two (2) things that represent Western and Eastern Concept/Perspective of the Self. Moreover, public displays of affection are often frowned upon in Eastern countries. Until the advent of cognitive, existential, phenomenological, humanistic, and transpersonal perspectives, little effort was devoted to the rigorous study of inner mental states and processes and embodied cognition. Western and Eastern Religion Comparison Islam and Buddhism are two distinct religious traditions that provide their own meaningful responses to the fundamental questions about life. AppendPDF Pro 5.5 Linux Kernel 2.6 64bit Oct 2 2014 Library 10.1.0 Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. Eastern_and_Western_Concepts_of_Self - View presentation slides online. Alan Watts, the late British philosopher, proposed that there were two great myths of the self—myth here not used in the sense of something false, but rather as a way of interpreting oneself and one’s reality. 11 0 obj Eastern psychologies maintain that, as a result of social and self-conditioning, our ambitions, beliefs, desires, expectations, preconceptions, and views of the nature of reality are illusory. Linear as it seems, Western philosophy is logical, scientific, and rational compared to the East’s concept of eternal and recurring. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the sense that the form is the physical body, and the human being is just impermanence. In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. Heraclitus), in early Western philosophy a static view of reality was taken, with substance as the carrier of properties and the basis for identity of the self. Eastern traditions teach that everything is impermanent. The concept that love comes after marriage is also promoted by these marriages. uuid:0c6cadd9-a9d4-11b2-0a00-782dad000000 At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. In this report, we will first survey three important theoreticians from the western tradition to unravel the view of the Self that they take and follow it up with a … <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj For Western psychology, according to Alan Watts, “The psychotherapist has, for the most part, been interested in changing the consciousness of…disturbed individuals. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that … The disciplines of Buddhism and Taoism, are, however, concerned with changing the consciousness of normal, socially adjusted people.” In the five decades since these words were written, Western psychology has become increasingly interested in aiding “normal” individuals to reach their maximum psychological potential. The west wants it … In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. H��Wmo�6��_��� 1"%�%���i��I��]1�à�J�ő�$�~�([Y[`��������s���(��������zt0��Bi1���y��,��l4��*��"�O'�e2�"ʕLc�����(�dYI"Ƌ R�\�\���A�i~��@�b� (NB) There is no soul and no-self. Like the breath rises and falls or the seasons come and go, all things are seen as being in a constant process of arising, forming, and dissolving. Eastern systems acknowledge that the individual has to decide first to seek change and help her or himself through inner exploration—restructuring and cultivating mental processes, although the guidance of others who have experienced the process may be sought. Furthermore, Western Ethics places more emphasis on law and justice, whereas Eastern Ethics states that one must do what is right and expected and the universe will take care of the rest. - 6237038 Western people rely mainly on reason and logic which are the more popular sources of knowledge. Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. While Western psychology seems to reflect an attitude that the individual must be “helped” from without, by another person, Eastern attitudes are quite the opposite. The "Me" concept Eternal reality of the universal truth: self-liberation through getting rid of the false "Me" and discovering the true "Me" "Me" is here and now. Western concept of self 94s an individualistic self that is deeply aware of itself, its uniqueness, sense of direction, purpose and volition(act of making choice). In the West, the ego (regardless of the various ways in which theorists define it) is seen as central to identity and personality. Self-concept tends to be more malleable when people are younger and still going through the process of self-discovery and identity formation. 8 0 obj Comparison between Western and Eastern Ethics: Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? In doing so, one might be able to shed light on one’s own views of the Self, and perhaps arrive at some ... Wolter: In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives Published by DigitalCommons@Kennesaw State University, 2012. Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of respect. Eastern western. In Eastern philosophy , though, the self is often treated as an illusion. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. Self-dedication to the goal (life vision, success, happiness, etc.) In other words, it assumes that we humans are… Eastern way is by observing objective reality of what things are without exaggeration brings things into the perfect state of balance because balance is objective realty. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Another important characteristic of Eastern and Western systems of virtue ethics is the integration of personal and professional life. The Western society focuses on the individual's self-development, and parents and children are often independent individuals. AND EASTERNTHOUGHT LESSON OBJECTIVES. Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. Differentiate the concept of self according to Western thought against Eastern/Oriental perspectives; 2. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. The east takes time and has patience. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> THE SELF IN WESTERN. <>stream In antiquity, the Greek philosopher Pyrrho traveled with Alexander the Great's army on its conquest of India (327 to 325 BCE) and based his philosophy of Pyrrhonism on what he learned there. The self is located at the center within the individual through which the world is perceived. Eastern philosophy also thrives on … They will usually claim that the West is rational, scientific, and individualist whereas the East is more irrational, spontaneous, and collectivist. Eastern philosophy or Asian philosophy includes the various philosophies that originated in East and South Asia including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy (including Hindu philosophy, Jain philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, and Sikh philosophy), Japanese philosophy, Korean philosophy, and Vietnamese philosophy which are dominant in East, South and Southeast Asia. The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. 2 0 obj Because the general orientation of Western psychology has been toward the observation, categorization, and alteration of observable behavior, this has led to a therapeutic attitude limited to the diagnosis and treatment of psychopathology. Yozan Dirk Mosig University of Nebraska at Kearney Abstract The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern-vs-Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. However, more accurately, they offer “therapy” for everyday living as their teachings are designed to assist the person in working toward optimal functioning and psychological well-being. endobj Suggests that alternative definitions of the self from outside of Western culture may assist in the ongoing development of future models of the person within Western psychology. Every time you fail to feed the needs and desires of your fictional self (which comes from the standards created by you, your loved ones, or your reputation), you suffer. 17 0 obj Similarities and differences in society. Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. Eastern Martial Arts. The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. Since we think and act in accordance with these illusions, we invariably suffer (i.e., experience disappointment, frustration, and pain). Since these thoughts and judgments are ever-changing, there exists no permanent structure that can be called the ego. In Western society, the individual rules. Similarities between the concept of the self and the concept of emotion: There is no agreed upon definition of the self or for emotion. Jen is a second generation Chinese-American who speaks from her experiences navigating two distinct kinds of selves—an Asian identity shaped at home by her immigrant parents and a Western identity acquired outside the home growing up in Scarsdale, New York. endobj Alan Watts, the late British philosopher, proposed that there were two great myths of the self—myth here not used in the sense of something false, but rather as a way of interpreting oneself and one’s reality. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and … However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual One of … Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, ... Self-dedication to the goal (success, happiness, etc.) Western Ethics, on the other hand, has more of an emphasis on self and what is rationally or logically true. 5 0 obj Explain the concept of self as found in Asian thoughts; and 3. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives Page, Richard C.; Berkow, Daniel N. 1991-04-01 00:00:00 Richard C. Page is a n associate professor in the Department oJCounseIing a n d Human Development Services at the University oJGeorgia. As people age, self-perceptions become much more detailed and organized as people form a better idea of who they are and what is important to them. Similarities and differences in society. Most Eastern psychologies, in contrast, concentrate on the exploration of the function and operation of the mind as well as methods to free the individual from suffering. Basically, the oriental society has a deep family concept and is unavoidable. Since Eastern psychologies are inwardly focused, they may appear to be narcissistic or nihilistic. The self and emotion. However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only a broad generalization can be m… She traces the source of these differences to deeper differences in the fundamental structures of Asian and Western self-identity. endobj endobj Buddhist thought and Western philosophy include several parallels.. 57 0 obj Comparison of Western and Eastern Concepts of Self Western Eastern Duality- you are distinct from other persons Other persons are part of your self Talk about their personal attributes Talk about their social roles Highlights personal achievements Keeps a low profile and avoid boastfulness Individualistic- focus on the person Collectivistic- group and social relations are more important … The self has been conceptualized in a variety of ways by European and American theorists who have addressed a number of different contexts of human behavior. Through inner development, the individual comes to see his or her place in the larger context as a part of the whole, which can lead to improved relationships with self, others, and the environment. application/pdf To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. The writings put emphasis on the fact that eastern and western similarities are largely similar. Western concept of self 94s an individualistic self that is deeply aware of itself, its uniqueness, sense of direction, purpose and volition (act of making choice). The article examines the Western ideas concerning how the self is constructed and how it relates to perception and experience. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives The "Me" concept. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the sense that the form is the physical body, and the human being is just impermanence. You can edit this template and create your own diagram.Creately diagrams can be exported and added to Word, PPT (powerpoint), Excel, Visio or any other document. endobj Although some Eastern conceptions of the self, most notably those derived from Hinduism, which center on the Vedic notion of the atman or soul, are similar to Western ideas of the self, Buddhist psychology provides a radically Eastern, holistic perspectives recognize the interactive nature of reality, similar to the views of general systems theory. Western martial arts generally have no room for ritual. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. Western perspectives about self are inherently dualistic. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Create a representation of the Filipino self. endobj Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. Western Concept of life is linear as it is concerned with absolute beginnings or endings in time and space. endobj Eastern Self/Western Self By Linda Heuman May 08, ... We tend to assume that Asians experience self-identity in the same way we do—that they are the same equation, ... She traces the source of these differences to deeper differences in the fundamental structures of Asian and Western self … Western Traditions should be able to: 1 in a constant state of flux Asian and Western systems of ethics! Philosophy also thrives on … 2 with notable exceptions ( e.g highest of. 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