Toys were nothing more than homemade dolls or wooden blocks. Victorian Era: The Poor Law Amendment of 1834 The Poor Law Amendment of 1834 was introduced to combat the widespread poverty on the streets of England and to provide relief to the poor. They had their own small vegetable garden and kept a pig to feed the family. A poor Victorian family would have lived in a very small house with only a couple of rooms on each floor. which would make them the perfect housewives. Having a job is important so you can earn money. Victorian England was a … The purpose of the prison system was to make time behind bars so utterly unpleasant that those who found themselves languishing behind the grim, grey walls of a penitentiary would, on their release, think twice before daring to re-offend. The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. Your quality of life during the Victorian times depended on whether you were rich or poor. Liza Picard examines the social and economic lives of the Victorian working classes and the poor. Poor Victorians would put children to work at an early a… For millions of Victorians, Victorian life had nothing to do with servants, etiquette or fashion. The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. In the 1850s one in nine girls over the age of 10 worked as domestic se rvants for wealthy homes. There was a big difference between rich and poor in Victorian times. The worst part for poor class families is that many needed their children to help work. The country was growing so rapidly that the number of jobs just could not justify it. Industrialisation brought about rapid changes in everyday life that affected all classes and as a consequence Victorian society was full of extremes and startling contrasts. Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. Many worked with their parents at home or in workshops, making matchboxes or sewing. This was a sharp contrast to the overcrowded and unhealthy conditions of the working and poor classes of this time. The Victorian attitude toward the poor tended to be mixed. Find out about life for rich and poor children. Other times, children may be separated from parents and forced to work in harsh working conditions. Jerry White is professor in history at Birkbeck, University of London, specialising in working-class London life since 1700, and author of London in the Nineteenth Century (Jonathan Cape, 2007). The Victorians liked to have their social classes clearly defined. The very poorest families had to make do with even less - some houses were home to two, three or even four families. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. However, many people considered the rich to be middle class if they did not have anything to do with royalty. More money means more food and better living conditions. Charles Dickens’ second book, Oliver Twist (1838) contained the classic Victorian themes of grinding poverty, menacing characters, injustice and punishment. In this post we will look at what rural life was like on a country estate in Victorian England. Gleanings of corn were collected after the harvest and used to make flour and bread and they would make their own cider, ale and wine from fruit such as elderberries. PART I: THE RICH. Learning Objectives: To investigate the differences between the lives of Rich and Poor Victorians. Janet Sacks’ Victorian Country Life is a good reference for those who want to know more; other sources for this article are linked throughout the post. Keep in mind that families were large in Victorian times, especially poor families. Wealthy Victorian Children Why not trying looking at another theme to find out more about Victorian life? Steam trains made travel a lot easier, and rich people started to go on holidays to the seaside in places like Blackpool and Brighton. Primary Homework Help For these, the Victorian era was one of abject poverty. There was the rich lady, who led the nostalgically stylized view of Victorian life – all bustles, petticoats and jewels, and conversely there was the somewhat less rosy existence of the poor woman; a life of chimney sweeping, workhouses, and prostitution. usually well fed, clean and well clothed. The nineteenth century saw a huge growth in the population of Great Britain. While a rich family might live in a large Beautiful house with several bedrooms, a large living room, a parlor and a dining room separate from the kitchen, poor children might have as little as one room for the family to live in. Boys would be employed to scare the birds from the crops, guard the livestock from straying, pick hops, sow potatoes … KS2 History - The Victorians. Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. Life in Victorian Britain was vastly different for rich and poor people. Word of the lesson: Comparison The main task is to create a spider diagram with findings from the sources about rich Victorians and then to compare this to what they have learned in all of the previous lessons about the poor during the Industrial Revolution. This was often due to poor diet and malnutrition although the biggest killer remained dirty drinking water. How was Victorian poor and middle class Life? Victorian England Rural Life. Top 8 Victorian Era Poems That Must Be Read, Victorian era last name generator: Random last and first names. Learn all about the differences between the rich and poor during the reign of Queen Victoria with … The more people in a family who work, the better chance of having more money. BBC School Radio. Living conditions in the Victorian era Their lives The rich and the poor The careless rich The most famous slums were in east which was often referred to as "darkest London" They suffered from epidemics including Cholera, Typhus, Influenza, fever and Malaria Houses had no [1] Unlike their lower class counterparts, upper class Victorian women more often than not had staff to help with the running of their home and the raising of their children, leaving them with plenty of time to enjoy the finer things in life. The problem with the Victorian era is that there were very few families that had relatively nice homes, enough to eat on, and a decently successful career. The difference between private life and commerce was a fluid one distinguished by an informal demarcation of function. The middle class, on the other hand, had a very successful time in the Victorian era. Also read about ragged schools.. Also read about ragged schools.. Child labor was a terrible problem and it was no longer just the father that would bring home enough money for food. Most children from poor families had to work because their families needed the money. In the Victorian era, English family life increasingly became compartmentalised, the home a self-contained structure housing a nuclear family extended according to need and circumstance to include blood relations. Things were very different in case the of children born in poor families. Conditions inside the Victorian prisons were deliberately made as harsh as possible for the inmates. A poor family preparing food. You can use this PowerPoint to demonstrate to KS2 students the differences between the Victorian classes and how this impacted people’s lives. The Victorian age was the first in which childhood was recognised as a distinct and precious phase in life. Others may wish to introduce pupils to these documents to create a wider enquiry question of their own, for example on the role of women, the lives of rich and poor or childhood in Victorian times. Even children worked hard on the farm from as young as six years old. Poorer people often lived in crowded and difficult conditions. During this time, if the father got sick or died the family would often be kicked to the streets where they would live in some place like public housing. The Industrial revolution had taken what many would consider to be medium class and left them without jobs. This drove the prices down on the wages and most poor class families struggled to even put food on the table. Rich Victorians lived a very privileged life, while poorer Victorians had to work hard jobs for little money. Therefore, the middle class not only would lose their jobs and have to find another, but they had to compete with immigrants for work. If you don't have much money you can't buy many things. ate … This type of housing was in the older parts of town where streets were dangerous and diseases were running rampant. Explain that the aim of the first session of teaching is to find out what life was like for the Victorian poor. By 1900 there was near-universal literacy, a colossal achievement considering how appalling the situation of poor children had been in the 1830s. Most of the common killers – measles, scarlet fever, smallpox and typhus – … The Victorians, especially poor ones, were at high risk of catching some nasty diseases. Most employment was to be found in the newly industrialized cities, so many people abandoned their rural roots and converged on the urbanized areas to seek work. Very poor people with no home or job lived in 'workhouses'. The Industrial revolution had taken what many would consider to be medium class and left them without jobs. The reason for this increase is not altogether clear. The houses would share toilets and water, which they could get from a pump or a well. ©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013 Image courtesy of www.eriding.net (Click image to enlarge.) Victorian Durham: the homes of the poor. had few luxuries. Living conditions for Victorian farm workers were often cramped and basic. They were merely very wealthy business owners that maybe did not associate with royalty parties or occasions. These houses had ample space for the family, which averaged between four to six children, and the servants. You need money to buy things such as as food and clothes. Victorian home life was comfortable for wealthy families. How Did Poor People Live During the Victorian Era? But if you were poor you could have a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. These were all live issues at the time Dickens was writing the novel, especially with the introduction of the1834 New Poor Law – an Act which, for many liberal Victorians, appeared to criminalise the poor. Various ideas have been put forward; larger families; more children surviving infancy; people living longer; immigration, especially large numbers of immigrants coming from Ireland fleeing the potato famine and the unemployment situation in their own country. How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times? Rich Victorians lived a comfortable life The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. Therefore, the rich middle class was a very wealthy class. Find out what Victorian home life was really like. You either had the money or you didn’t, which in reality probably drove the middle class to extinction for a time throughout the Victorian era. Skilled and unskilled workers alike were paid subsistence-level wages. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. Millions lived in overcrowded and dirty slums that's simply defy understanding today. Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. The Wealthy. Use the activity to assess their level of knowledge and understanding from any recent study of Victorian Britain. Victorian houses of wealthy owners had features such as bay windows, stained glass in the windows and doorways, patterned brickwork and slate roofs. By the end of the century there were three … Find out about the life of a young Victorian girl living in a wealthy household with a governess. Often many families would crowd into a single room for simply some place to lay their head. We know this: While London grew wealthy as Britain's imperial holdings expanded, London in the 19th century was also a city of incredible poverty. Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. Has women’s place in society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras. The poor children had to work public jobs for their families to survive. Why did many children from poor families have to work? To be quite honest, by today’s standard, this would not be middle class, it would simply be upper class. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. BBC Teach. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 26, 2020 12:49:48 PM ET Poverty stricken families living during the Victorian Era likely lived in crowded, unkempt, slum houses, or were homeless, endured poor sanitary conditions and often were forced to subject their children to work in harsh conditions. The Victorians. On the other hand their family life was tighter knit and more loving. Poor children often had to work instead of going to school. primaryhomeworkhelp.com, Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK, Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. If the work was seasonal or demand slumped, when they were laid off they had no savings to live on until the next job opportunity could be found. People in the Victorian era started to use electricity for the first time, and to listen to music by playing records on the gramophone. The Poor Law Commission of 1832 decided to amend the previous poor laws, for they were too liberal and did not implement discipline into the poor. On the one hand, more well-to-do Victorians were always encouraged to show charity to the needy. Life of poor Victorian children Boys born in a wealthy family were often sent to boarding for education or were tutored at home by eminent tutors while girls were trained in household activities like sewing, knitting etc. Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: Being poor means having little money or few possessions. During the reign of Queen Victoria, life was very different depending on whether you were rich or poor. For the poor Victorian Children life was much different. This article complemented a five-part BBC Two series The Victorian Slum, showing modern families living in simulated slums, which aired in autumn 2016. Some families had as many as eight to twelve children or more. The working class was divided into three layers, the lowest being 'working men' or labourers, then the ‘intelligent artisan’, and above him the ‘educated working man’. and "What questions do you want to ask about the life of the poor?" Check out the typical Victorian salaries. The divide between the classes in the 19th century was such that food, clothes and even sanitation varied drastically. Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: The Poor. One of the major problems was the immigration of the country. As there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this.. 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