A: The Reformation happened for two main reasons. In England the Reformation’s roots were both political and religious. Still, while the big picture is large and complex, the central factors are fairly clear: The Reformation began in the early 16th century. Rather than shrinking from the crisis, the Catholic Church responded with even deeper, and more genuine, reform, accomplished by many defenders of the Faith whom we now know as saints. The Reformation movement within Germany diversified almost immediately, and other reform impulses arose independently of Luther. (See Researcher’s Note.). What about faith alone and protestants before the Reformation. This was a time when the whole world was changing. In spite of its political implications, the reorganization of the church permitted the beginning of religious change in England, which included the preparation of a liturgy in English, the Book of Common Prayer. It needed to be a return to the actual teachings of Jesus and the Apostles. One development is clear: the political authorities increasingly sought to curtail the public role of the church and thereby triggered tension. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! He saw four major discrepancies between what the Church was teaching and what Scripture actually taught Corrections? The Protestant Reformation was a movement in the 16th century to reform the Catholic Church in Western Europe. Called Anabaptists, they remained a marginal phenomenon in the 16th century but survived—despite fierce persecution—as Mennonites and Hutterites into the 21st century. The discovery of the American continents, for example, occurred just over two decades earlier in 1492. Herein, what was the Reformation and why did it happen? Such building and planting, such good living and dressing, such a stir in all the arts, has not been since Christ came into the world."10. There is no single, simple cause one can point to as to why the men like Martin Luther succeeded in launching a thriving Reformation while men with similar insights in previous generations had, at best, accomplished only local and temporary reform movements. In the 16th century Erasmus of Rotterdam, a great humanist scholar, was the chief proponent of liberal Catholic reform that attacked popular superstitions in the church and urged the imitation of Christ as the supreme moral teacher. )have been prevented? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Luther, a pastor and professor at the University of Wittenberg, deplored the entanglement of God’s free gift of grace in a complex system of indulgences and good works. It began as a simple but profound return to the truth that we are dreadfully sinful, God is perfectly holy, and thus our works can contribute nothing to our salvation. Why did the Reformation happen? This haunted him. It needed to be a return to the word of God. Henry VIII, painting by Hans Holbein the Younger, c. 1540. People have devoted entire careers to this sort of thing! Study Flashcards On Why did The Reformation happen? The Protestant Reformation was a series of events that happened in the 16th century in the Christian Church. Why did the Reformation happen? Test. The printing press fueled the fire, as printers distributed copies of the 95 theses widely, both in the original Latin and in a German translation.31 Just a little earlier in history, these theses would have been debated locally by a few scholars or completely ignored. The movement began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church. Terms in this set (11) What was the Reformation? The Reformation is a period of time between 1517 and 1648 AD in which a group of people, known as the “Reformers” rejected the authority of the Catholic church as the sole arbiter of doctrine and behavior believing that Scripture alone should be the foundation of the … Other figures included Pope Leo X, who excommunicated Luther; the Holy Roman emperor Charles V, who essentially declared war on Protestantism; Henry VIII, king of England, who presided over the establishment of an independent Church of England; and Huldrych Zwingli, a Swiss reformer. I'm currently studying Reformation Church History, so I'm hoping to post on this topic to help me to understand and revise it. Yet, it is interesting to note that the Reformation did not dawn in a time when mortality was at its peak, but rather while it was coming into decline. The word Reformation means change, this was when Henry made himself head of the Church of England and not the Pope. Why Luther? As Luther embraced the biblical gospel of grace and studied the Scriptures, such things appeared inconsistent with the revealed word of God. at Cram.com. He was a Protestant minister for eleven years before resigning his pastorate in 1996 to enter the Catholic Church. Death was also being dealt out by inquisitors in rapidly increasing numbers. He hadn't. Huldrych Zwingli built a Christian theocracy in Zürich in which church and state joined for the service of God. The Reformation became the basis for the founding of Protestantism, one of the three major branches of Christianity. There, while preparing for a series of lectures on the Book of Romans, the monk discovered the answer he was looking for right in the pages of Scripture: Justification before God was by grace alone through faith alone in the merits of Christ alone and in His finished sacrifice.28 While Luther probably did teach his biblical gospel insights from that point forward, this was not meant as a protest at the time. Opponents of the ancient Trinitarian dogma made their appearance as well. Page 7/26. John Calvin was the most important figure in the second generation of the Reformation, and his interpretation of Christianity, known as Calvinism, deeply influenced many areas of Protestant thought. This would launch the series of events that would ultimately produce the Protestant Reformation. The world of the late medieval Roman Catholic Church from which the 16th-century reformers emerged was a complex one. Reformers and Reformations: Why Did the Reformation Happen? According to Luther’s notion, the body of Christ was physically present in the elements because Christ is present everywhere, while Zwingli claimed that entailed a spiritual presence of Christ and a declaration of faith by the recipients. The Protestant Reformation began five hundred years ago, accompanied by an age of turmoil and secularism we can recognize even in our own time. Discipline in the church was also very lax. This certainly does not reflect the grim realities faced by the peasant class, and by modern standards mortality rates at all levels of society were still extremely high, but there is some truth to this. In Scotland, John Knox, who spent time in Geneva and was greatly influenced by John Calvin, led the establishment of Presbyterianism, which made possible the eventual union of Scotland with England. Calvin agreed with Luther’s teaching on justification by faith. The Reformation is said to have begun when Martin Luther posted his Ninety-five Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, on October 31, 1517. The Catholic Reformation was the intellectual counter-force to Protestantism. Initially, the Protestant reformers maintained the hope that they could accomplish the reformation of the doctrine and life of the church from within, but this proved impossible because of the intransigence of the church, the polemic of the Protestant movements, or the political and…, …what differentiated him from previous reformers was that they attacked the life of the church while he confronted its doctrine. Why did the Protestant reformation happen? Many of the popes were corrupt and abusing their power. The … What happened in the decades that followed? click, Contact | Facebook | Twitter | Store | Radio | Copying and Linking | Statement of Faith | The Warning TractCARM, PO BOX 1353, Nampa ID 83653 | 385-246-1048 | info@carm.orgHosting by EverythingsA.com  Powered by the Connectivity.Engineer Network, Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry, CARM, PO BOX 1353, Nampa ID 83653 | 385-246-1048. 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