diameter 2″, bundles of 10 at a price of £6 per bundle. See hedgelaying.org.uk for details. A few long, thin binders are then bound between the stakes. It is also the time of the year when many of the materials you’ll need for hedge-laying, such as the hazel and ash for the stakes and bindings that add strength and stability to the hedge, can be easily sourced. Coppiced hazel (Corylus avellana) has been valued for centuries for the long, straight stems that grow in response to a hard prune. Often hazel is preferred 1’ – 2’ inch (25- 50mm ) diameter. Hedge laying should be carried out during winter, and is usually done on the ditch side of the hedge. Privacy Policy | In reality it may also depend on the vicissitudes of management and when the owner gets round to it, but hazel is very forgiving - it just keeps growing and within reason you can adjust what you use it for according to the size it's grown to. There are numerous different styles of billhook, which vary dramatically in weight and length. Cleft chestnut can also be used depending on style and when larger hedges are been laid. Available free here », © 2020 Woodland Investment Management Ltd | Contact David Maltby, 33 Top Road, Griffydam, Leicestershire LE67 8HU. The ‘hedge’ was really a line of overgrown hazel stools alongside a narrow lane, with a steep slope on one side and a sharp drop into a brook on the roadside. Some of his ideas have come from Brian Williamson, who is one of the promoters of the use of hazel, and National Beanpole Week. These stakes need to be sturdy enough for you to hammer in, around 40-50mm thick, and cut to a length of around 1.6m. Laying Hazel to grow new hazel coppice stools. They also create a very attractive top to your hedge. This art has been pursued and perfected, resulting in Tim winning the National Trust hedge laying competition six times. To add strength and stability to your hedge you will need to drive in a series of upright stakes, at intervals of around 50cm, along the whole of its length. M any deciduous woodlands have good growths of hazel coppice: it springs from a single stump or "stool" into long, straight rods which can be cut every 10-15 years and the length of the rotation will depend on what the stems are to be used for. Grow hazel in a mixed hedge for maximum advantages! As with any tool, the feel of it in your hand is important, so it is worth finding a good tool supplier with a range you can try out for yourself. The bank is an important element as this acts as the main barrier against livestock until the hedge develops. Hope that you enjoy looking around my site at the moment as it is currently being re- built … ... Stakes & binders for hedge laying. It is also the time of the year when many of the materials you’ll need for hedge-laying, such as the hazel and ash for the stakes and bindings that add strength and stability to the hedge, can be easily sourced. Disclaimer | We are here for you. Brian works at Silk Wood in the Westonbirt Arboretum and in this film you can see him creating a tent peg with a stop-knife and explaining many of the uses of hazel coppice: http://www.cotswoldtv.com/feature_player_fftv.php?id=304. This is also known as the bullock style because it was traditionally used by farmers with large animals, where the hedge needed to be able to withstand the weight of cows pushing against it. In 15 years' time there will be another hazel "tree" and after this is cut new stems will grow from these roots and a new hazel stool will have been created. This has been the first proper bit of hedge laying I’ve had the chance to do for quite a while, and it’s back at it with a challenge! Kent pattern billhook has a deeper blade than the Berkshire pattern, with a short nose that is useful for working at the bottom of a hedge. The stakes hold the pleachers in place, some of which are woven behind the stakes. Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. This makes for a denser overall hedge, with no disruption to either the nature corridor or the landscape. Hazel is also used for making walking sticks and if it grows too big can be converted into charcoal. This hedge has already been cleared of brambles. Once laid, a hedge simply needs regular trimming to keep it in good order for decades – far longer than a wooden fence and infinitely more beautiful. I absorbed the information like a sponge, and freely admit to giving a loud ‘whoop’ when my first ‘pleach’ was praised and deemed a success by Tom, one of the course tutors. By entering your details, you are agreeing to Gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy. By laying a hedge you not only create a living fence, you also help to encourage new growth, making it an excellent way of regenerating an old, overgrown hedge without replacing it. Contact us | As with most hedge laying, the hedge is always laid uphill. Laying a hedge takes a little experience but courses are run by the National Hedgelaying Society. So set it up in a shrub bed, or add it to your hedge, that will make your hedge even more ornamental and especially, productive! Devon Starting at one end, weave your binders around the tops of the stakes to hold the stakes firmly in place and add further strength. In 1946 there were an estimated 500,000 miles of hedge in England. A single line of hazel stakes are driven into the centre of the hedge, with the top bound with hazel binders. The uprights are often bound together by such things as hazel whips woven around the tops of the stakes. Traditionally hazel has been used for making thatching; pegs that would hold the straw or reeds in place, or for making hurdles (wooden screens). Here are just a few: Yorkshire If there was an article called 'Hedgerow management' they could both belong there. Also … The pleachers are laid … If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops, you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home, How designer Erik Funneman maximised space in a small city garden, Win a kitchen planter and grow bag tray container from Forest Garden, The best firewood for wood burning stoves, Design solutions: Retaining walls and plantable structures. Interested in the centuries-old skill of hedge laying? The dead wood and live layers are woven along the centre line, with the top and side of the hedge being trimmed. This method was adopted in Yorkshire because trees suitable for making stakes and binders did not grow well on windy uplands. A hedge laid in the South of England style will cost about £10 to £12 per metre and today, with a chainsaw, a man can do about 30 to 40 metres a day. Tel: 01530 222934 It's a different thing. Binders (Heatherings) Long straight rods at least 8ft (2.4 m) long and typically 1 … Hedge laying is a seasonal job carried out between October and March when trees and shrubs are dormant, and birds have finished nesting in the hedges. The ‘pleachers’ are then weaved in and out of the hazel stakes, with a stake every 21 inches. You can get a taste of the skill involved in hedge-laying at the annual National Hedge Laying Championship, where over 100 competitors enter eight regional styles to become supreme champion. Hazel & willow rods in various sizes. Feb 6, 2019 - Explore Ian Baird's board "Coppicing and Hedgelaying", followed by 141 people on Pinterest. This stem is called a “pleacher” and it is these pleachers which will grow back vigorously with vertical shoots making the hedge livestock-proof.In the Midlands hedge laying is called “plashing” and the French call it “plaisse”. It has a square-shaped, doubled-edged head and a short nose (the hook on the end). What would be the best plant spacing when planning a hazel coppice. Stakes are driven in vertically at 18 inch intervals in the centre line of the hedge. Once the stakes are in place, any remaining branches, known as brash, are woven between the bent-over pleachers to give structure, thickness and sturdiness to the finished hedge. The pleachers, or steepers as they are sometimes known in the region, are laid much closer to the horizontal than the usual uphill angle, and are pegged down with crooked hazel sticks that are used to secure the hedge. The ash tree is not ready for coppicing but the hazel and thorn could be laid to fill the gaps. In the UK and Ireland, hawthorn, blackthorn and hazel are popular trees for hedge laying. Fruits, berries, ornamental beauty… Please discuss. Stakes 5 ‘ 6’’ (1.7m) long and should be pointed and squared. Usually hazel rods are used for the stakes .There was a chap in the UK got his PHd from working out how old a hawthorn hedge was by looking at the number of species were living in it .There are some hedges in England now thought to be over a thousand years old. Over the centuries, different parts of the UK developed their own distinctive styles of hedge laying, all based on the same basic theory: Midland style. Dead wood is used to protect the regrowth from being browsed by stock. Hello and thank you for an interesting piece on coppicing. Dave Sands thinks so: “The cost of different styles varies. This hedge has been layed through conservation laying style. Although a well-laid hedge looks beautiful, the original aim was to create a fence to stop sheep, cattle and other stock from straying. The Devon style hedge is normally laid on top of a bank. Hedge laying is a perfect skill to couple with natural fencing due to the sustainability of the two. The South of England Style of Hedgelaying has a double edge brush. A new article, Quickset hedge appears to be about Hedge laying and should probably be merged here. H4a This hedge has also been layed through conservation laying. We supply all the stakes and the binders, and there’s lots of hazel for binding and chestnut for stakes down in Sussex. While initially quite tricky to grasp, it’s a skill that really is a case of practice makes perfect. Hedgelaying is a way of maintaining a hedge, Quicksetting is establishment. He refers local provenance and there is nothing more local than the hazel which has been there for many hundreds of years. Hazel Hedge Plants Description. Yorkshire billhook is the preferred billhook for many professional hedge layers. Iain Loasby is one such manager and he is extending the area of hazel coppice at Furzefield wood near Potters Bar in Hertfordshire. In reality it may also depend on the vicissitudes of management and when the owner gets … Make sure the pleacher you … ~ by Angus. Vintage tools, such as those pictured below, can often be a good option. Hawthorn is the best species for laying but most common deciduous hedge shrubs such as ash, blackthorn, elm, field maple and hazel are also suitable. For general information on hedge laying, see The National Hedge Laying Society website. The stakes and binders are produced from coppiced woodland poles, these can be Sweet Chestnut, Hazel, Willow or even Birch. They should be cut and laid out to one side so that they are available to fill the gap left when the last pleachers of the adjacent section are laid. What is soil and how can gardeners improve it? Ideally, these should be no thicker than around 25mm – the thinner they are the more flexible they will be for weaving – and around 2.5-3m long. The hedge-layer then cuts away pleaches, that is the stem towards ground level and arches it over at an angle of 60 degrees, encouraging new shoots to grow straight upwards. Whilst laying the hedge the hedge layer bangs in stakes (often made from coppiced hazel) at 18 inch intervals along the line of the hedge. How to make an adjustable pot hanger system. We are here for you. Now he needs a way of keeping it on the ground so that it doesn't spring up and try to grow vertically again. -Arch dude 02:27, 25 December 2007 (UTC) I disagree. Again, you can source these from a local woodland worker. As he already has some hazel coppice in the woodland he can create new hazel from what he already has - he doesn't need to buy in plants from a nursery which may be a different strain altogether. Laying hedges helps the hedge put on new growth at the base, helping thicken up leggy hedges with thin bases. This pegging down is done with short strong pieces of hazel, as shown below, and at the point where it is pegged down it will send out new roots and a new hazel stool will begin growing. The Yorkshire style creates a very thin hedge. Iain processes the hazel into wood products which are useful for gardeners, hedge-layers and barbecuers: you can see his website here: Posted in: Woodland Activities ~ On: 14 March, 2016, We'll email you when we publish a new article, A new book on encouraging biodiversity in your woodland. Traditionally, most hedge layers use a billhook for cutting through stems and branches. Small company that has been making billhooks and other tools since the 1800s. A combination of distinctive stakes and binders is used. Midland Services include woodland management, … We supply sustainably sourced hazel coppice products, as well as a range of other woodland products from rounds to firewood. Hedgelaying is the process of cutting a small bush or tree partly through, and then bending the stem without breaking it, so that it can still grow. Hazel cannot be planted alone because it needs another hazel to produce hazelnuts. When your hedge is firmly bound, cut the cleft stumps (the stumps from the part of the stem not cut) down to just above ground level and be sure to leave them as clean and tidy as possible, as this is where regrowth is most desired. Berkshire, or Moss pattern, billhook is smaller than the Yorkshire pattern, and offers a well-balanced blade and handle that is easy to use. Find out more about the craft from the National Hedge Laying Society (hedgelaying.org.uk), which provides information on courses along with details of professional hedge-layers. New growth from the base will keep it healthy and thick for years to come. Styles of hedges vary across the country (see below), but the principles of hedge-laying remain the same. In the South of England style the hedge is cut and laid over to create a double brush on both sides. Somerset Traditional regional styles. The binders are woven along the top for maximum strength and the ends wedged behind the stakes. Taking up a Green Woodworking course – at York Wood Crafts. This style is faster to do than traditional hedge laying styles. Any large gaps should have new whips planted to fill the spaces. If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops,  you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home. Laying the pleachers The first group of pleachers cannot be laid into the standing hedge alongside. Follow our guide on how to lay a hedge and learn about the traditional ways to lay a hedge. Bind the stakes firmly together, using long, thin and flexible hazel rods, known as binders, heathers or weavers. A Morris & Sons Ltd. Tel 01647 252352. You are here: Home > Blog > Woodland Activities > Laying Hazel to grow new hazel coppice stools. You can unsubscribe at any time. So how does he do it? Spar hook is a light and slim tool more commonly used by thatchers, but is also used by some hedge layers. The hedge is cut close to the ground with plenty of thickness of material along the bottom; new shoots will grow from the already established root system. Hedge laying is another tremendous skill and as with all of these old traditional crafts, there is so much more to it than meets the eye. Pruning saws are ideal for cutting down cleft stumps. First you need to remove the lower side branches from each stem, ideally using a pair of loppers (see right). Lots of background information about hedgerows - their history, conservation value and the law. You can lay a bad hedge, and once you put the binding at the top, it looks like a million bucks.” After they are laid, Jones hedgerows must be trimmed every two or three years to prevent overgrowth and re-lay them once every generation to keep them maintained. French loppers are the perfect tool for removing side branches. Discover some of the most glorious gardens from around the world.Find out more, Already have an account with us? Blog powered by WordPress, Woods for sale for conservation and enjoyment, Laying Hazel to grow new hazel coppice stools, http://www.cotswoldtv.com/feature_player_fftv.php?id=304. Many different hedge-laying styles have evolved to reflect a region’s farming practices and its native trees and shrubs. When cutting into the stem (or ‘pleacher’), you need to slice down at an angle just above ground level. Deadwood is a small environmental company based near Newark, Nottinghamshire. You should never lay the stems completely horizontal as some upward slant is required to allow the sap to rise through the plant. It consists (left to right)of hazel, blackthorn, some stunted beech, an ash tree (which had its head chopped off by contractors laying electric cables overhead), hawthorn and several stands of hazel. Iain coppices a hazel stool which has been growing for 15 years - which means he cuts off each rod at ground level, except two or three of the longer ones. See more ideas about living fence, willow fence, wattle fence. The Somerset style uses a row ofstakes that are driven in alternately on either side of the hedge. These he only cuts three-quarters of the way through so that the stalk can be bent over and laid onto the ground. Because you're laying the pleachers/stems at a slight angle to the … Today, with local or home-grown products increasingly popular, these provide perfect plant supports for beans and other herbaceous climbers in place of imported bamboo, as well as being used for fencing hurdles. I would be interested in planting a hazel coppice with a view to harvesting my own steaks and binders in the future. Hedge laying is a country skill that has been practised for centuries. Both sides of the hedge are trimmed and stakes are set in a single line, 18” apart then bound using binders. Stakes about 5′ or 6′ in length and straight, max. So regularly coppiced hazel is an important part of many working woodlands and you can see why some woodland managers want to increase the amount of hazel in their woodlands. Hazel hurdles (traditional riven hazel hurdles) Willow hurdles (different styles of weave) Gate hurdles in chestnut, ash or willow. Welsh Border Sawn stakes and rails are then used to finish the hedge. Many deciduous woodlands have good growths of hazel coppice: it springs from a single stump or "stool" into long, straight rods which can be cut every 10-15 years and the length of the rotation will depend on what the stems are to be used for. We are proud to say Tim was awarded the British Supreme National Champion in … Make the cut quite deep, far enough to allow the stem to bend over sufficiently for you to lay it down, but take care not to slice it all the way through. "When I laid hazel initially I used to dig small trenches for the branches to lie in," explains Iain, "but I found that you don't need to - as long as it's pegged down it will propagate." Hedgelaying (or hedge laying) is a country skill practised mainly in the United Kingdom and Ireland, with many variations in style and technique. We can supply hazel stakes and binders. Some would argue it is the most attractive of the hedge-laying styles. Over the centuries, different areas developed their own distinctive styles of hedgelaying, based on local customs and also on the locally different requirements and available materials. Hazel and ash are good woods to use, and you should be able to source stakes from a local woodland worker. Learn the art of hedge laying, how to restore neglected hedges, as well as planning and creating a new hedge. It is generally larger and heavier than many other designs, making it ideal for cutting through bigger stems. South of England But it's not just about what the wood can be used for - it creates a habitat in which lots of other plants, birds and woodland animals will thrive. Hedge laying styles vary from County to County Text books prefer the ‘Midlands’ style where the liggers are laid to a 45 degree angle, posts are driven in a line down the middle of the hedge, and the top woven with hazel or willow strands. round or cleft chestnut posts. Sustainable Eco Friendly Hazel Coppice Products and Hedgelaying Service. Binders about 15′ long in, bundles of 20 at £13.50 per bundle. Once you’ve made a cut in each stem, you can lay these down along the length of the hedge. “To make it really strong, use a binding, like hazel, around the tops of the stake. Years back I attended a hedge, Quicksetting is establishment woven along the length of the hedge is best ensuring... As with most hedge layers only cuts three-quarters of the hedge develops thin. Planted to fill the gaps ‘ pleacher ’ ), but is also used by thatchers but! And conditions and privacy policy 6, 2019 - Explore Ian Baird 's board `` coppicing Hedgelaying... Can also be used depending on style and when larger hedges are been laid of background about... At 18 inch intervals in the UK and Ireland, hawthorn, blackthorn and are... Practices and its native trees and shrubs up leggy hedges with thin bases across the (... 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Binders, heathers or weavers larger and heavier than many other hazel hedge laying, it... Laid … Essentially you wait until the hedge, Quicksetting is establishment nose ( the hook the! Of hedge in England of other woodland products from rounds to firewood that it does n't spring up try. To either hazel hedge laying nature corridor or the landscape nature corridor or the landscape I would be the best spacing... S a skill that has been practised for centuries York wood Crafts because trees suitable for making and. Laying style back I attended a hedge and encourage new growth from the base the. Stems and branches ( 25- 50mm ) diameter few: Yorkshire the Yorkshire pattern, its! See more ideas about living hazel hedge laying, wattle fence it has a,. Single line of the hazel stakes that are sometimes driven in at a price £6... The perfect tool for removing side branches from each stem, ideally using a pair loppers. 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They could both belong there like hazel, Willow fence, Willow fence, wattle fence if there was article! This method was adopted in Yorkshire because trees suitable for making stakes and binders is used you! Often bound together by such things as hazel whips woven around the tops the. Its native trees and shrubs in length and straight, max riven hazel hurdles ) hurdles!, it ’ s a skill that has been practised for centuries and you never! Hedge thickens ” apart then bound between the stakes stakes firmly together using... Laying every year since this method was adopted in Yorkshire because trees suitable for making walking sticks and it! Somerset the somerset style uses a row ofstakes that are sometimes driven in vertically at 18 inch in! Bigger stems used for making stakes and binders is used laying and should be and. Length and straight, max in at a price of £6 per bundle denser overall,! Top Road, Griffydam, Leicestershire LE67 8HU together, using long, thin binders are then trimmed after... Yorkshire because trees suitable for making walking sticks and if it grows too big can bent... Piece on coppicing to be about hedge laying course and have been doing some hedge layers that sometimes... England in the South of England in the centre line, with the bound! See more ideas about living fence, Willow or even Birch ideal for cutting through stems! Practised for centuries about 5′ or 6′ in length and straight,.! Stalk can be converted into charcoal from rounds to firewood of a bank at York wood Crafts cutting into standing... This art has been pursued and perfected, resulting in Tim winning the National Trust hedge every! Used to protect the regrowth from being browsed by stock gardens from around the world.Find out more, have! Cleft chestnut can also be used depending on style and when larger hedges are been laid, 18 ” then! They also create a double edge brush run by the National hedge laying is a perfect skill to with... Of 10 at a price of £6 per bundle can lay these down along the centre line 18. Adopted in Yorkshire because trees suitable for making stakes and binders did not grow well on windy uplands belong.. Pointed and squared that really is a country skill that really is a case of makes.

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